Climate change

From Greenlivingpedia, a wiki on green living, building and energy

Revision as of 12:01, 17 October 2007 by Peter Campbell (Talk | contribs)
Jump to: navigation, search
Greenhouse gas by sector.  Source: Global Warming Art
Greenhouse gas by sector. Source: Global Warming Art
Global Warming Predictions.png.  Source: Global Warming Art
Global Warming Predictions.png. Source: Global Warming Art

Climate change is now acknowledged by science as a serious issue resulting from increases in the world's greenhouse gas emissions. In order to avoid dangerous climate change and protect our quality of life, the world’s scientific community advises we cannot let temperatures increase by 2 degrees or more by the end of this century.

We can take action as individuals can take action to reduce carbon emissions, but the role of Governments as regulators and policy setters is also vitally important.

Government policies to address climate change should include:

Contents

Set emission reduction targets

Industrialised countries must reduce their greenhouse gas emissions by at least 30% below 1990 levels by 2020 with a long-term target of at least 80% by 2050.

A renewable energy target

We need to transition to clean zero emmissions energy. A legislated renewable energy target (MRET) of 25% by 2020 would fast-track the shift to a clean energy economy.

Smarter energy use

We must reduce our energy consumption. Up to 30% reductions are achievable without much difficulty. This can be achieved through a package of measures that includes world’s best energy efficiency standards for appliances, buildings, vehicles and industrial equipment. Australia should set a legislated target to stabilise our total energy consumption (using the above measures) by 2010 - i.e. 2010 will be the first year that our electricity use does not increase. Australia should also achieve reductions of 1.5% on our total electricity use every year to 2020.

Smarter transport

Transport is a major source of greenhouse pollution – and this is exacerbated by the inefficiencies and tax incentives within Australia’s transport system. The fringe benefit tax concessions for car use should be abolished, and $1 billion of additional Federal funding is required annually for our public transport systems.

Smarter land use

An important contributor to climate change is our land use. We must end broad-scale land clearing and logging of high conservation value native forests by 2008, to address the greenhouse emissions from these practices.

Making polluters pay and shifting away from fossil fuels

We need to place a price on carbon pollution, either through a tax or an emissions trading scheme. Additionally, Australia’s biggest contributor to climate change is our use of the fossil fuel coal. Australia should not build any new coal fired power stations, and should responsibly phase out our involvement in the coal industry.

Ratify Kyoto

Climate change is a global problem, and it needs a global solution. Australia should immediately ratify the Kyoto Protocol, and become a constructive part of this international process.

Smarter international aid

The world’s poorest people will be the worst hit under climate change, with impacts for the developing world predicted to be far more devastating than in industrialised nations. Our biggest responsibility is to reduce our own emissions, but we can also assist our neighbours in other ways.

Australia should integrate climate change risk factors into all relevant parts of our Overseas Development Assistance (ODA) program planning and evaluation. The majority of Australia's ODA energy sector spending should be on renewable energy, demand management and energy efficiency.

No nuclear power

Nuclear power is a dangerous and ineffective response to climate change. Australia should not be involved in the global nuclear cycle – uranium mining, nuclear waste dumps, and nuclear power stations are not needed or desirable.

See also

Energy saving tips

External links

Personal tools