Costa Rica

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Map text
Two toed sloth in Costa Rica
Two toed sloth in Costa Rica

Costa Rica is a country rich with renewable energy. It currently gets over 95% of its electrical energy from clean sources, and it’s aiming to be the first country to become carbon neutral.

Costa Rica’s energy sources include:

  • geothermal energy
  • burning of sugarcane waste and other biomass
  • solar and wind energy.
  • hydroelectricity from dams — which provides more than 82% of their electricity.

However, the demand for more electricity in Costa Rica is motivating the government to build new dams that would displace indigenous villages and flood valuable habitats. Local environmental groups are opposing the construction of new hydroelectric dams.

Costa Rica is also especially vulnerable to climate change caused by other countries. A tiny shift in rainfall patterns could leave the country without enough water to meet its growing demand for electricity. Science is indicating that climate change is likely to have a significant effect on reducing rainfall, as it has in Australia's Murray Darling Basin.

Costa Rica is working to become the world’s first carbon-neutral country, vying against Monaco, Norway, New Zealand and Iceland for this achievement. Costa Rica wants to become carbon neutral in time to celebrate 200 years of independence in 2021, says environment and energy minister Roberto Dobles.

Wind power is expanding in Costa Rica — a large wind farm with 22 turbines has been working in Tilarán, Guanacaste since 2002 and more are scheduled to be installed in the mountains of Escazú and Santa Ana.

A new geothermal plant, using naturally-existing superheated water to power steam turbines, is also scheduled to be producing electricity in 2010 near Rincón de la Vieja Volcano, in the province of Guanacaste.[1]

[edit] References

  1. Costa Rica Is 99% Powered By Renewable Energy, Metaefficient

[edit] External links

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