Heat pump

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===Mitsubishi MSZ-FB25VA=== ===Mitsubishi MSZ-FB25VA===
 +[[Image:Heat pump label MSZ-FB25VA DSC 2341.JPG|thumb|right|300px|MSZ-FB25VA energy rating]]
* Cooling output: 2.5 kW * Cooling output: 2.5 kW
* Heating output: 3.2 kW * Heating output: 3.2 kW
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===Mitsubishi MSZ-FB35VA=== ===Mitsubishi MSZ-FB35VA===
 +[[Image:Heat pumps label MSZ-FB35VA DSC 2342.JPG|thumb|right|300px|MSZ-FB35VA energy rating]]
* Cooling output: 3.5 kW * Cooling output: 3.5 kW
* Heating output: 4.0 kW * Heating output: 4.0 kW
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* Heating star rating: 4 out of 6 * Heating star rating: 4 out of 6
 +==Heat pumps installed in [[Surrey Hills house]]==
<Gallery> <Gallery>
Image:Heat pump upstairs inside DSC 2353.JPG|MSZ-FB25VA heat pump inside Image:Heat pump upstairs inside DSC 2353.JPG|MSZ-FB25VA heat pump inside
Image:Heat pump upstairs outside DSC 2355.JPG|MSZ-FB25VA heat pump outside Image:Heat pump upstairs outside DSC 2355.JPG|MSZ-FB25VA heat pump outside
-Image:Heat pump label MSZ-FB25VA DSC 2341.JPG|MSZ-FB25VA energy rating 
Image:Heat pump living room outside DSC 2352.JPG|MSZ-FB35VA heat pump inside Image:Heat pump living room outside DSC 2352.JPG|MSZ-FB35VA heat pump inside
Image:Heat pump living room inside DSC 2351.JPG|MSZ-FB35VA heat pump outside Image:Heat pump living room inside DSC 2351.JPG|MSZ-FB35VA heat pump outside
-Image:Heat pumps label MSZ-FB35VA DSC 2342.JPG|MSZ-FB35VA energy rating 
</Gallery> </Gallery>

Revision as of 01:34, 9 June 2011

A heat pump is a machine or device that moves heat from one location (the 'source') to another location (the 'sink' or 'heat sink') using mechanical work. Most heat pump technology moves heat from a low temperature heat source to a higher temperature heat sink.[1] Common examples are food refrigerators and freezers, air conditioners, and reversible-cycle heat pumps for providing thermal comfort.

Heat pumps can be thought of as a heat engine which is operating in reverse. One common type of heat pump works by exploiting the physical properties of an evaporating and condensing fluid known as a refrigerant.

In heating, ventilation, and air conditioning (HVAC) applications, a heat pump normally refers to a vapor-compression refrigeration device that includes a reversing valve and optimized heat exchangers so that the direction of heat flow may be reversed. Most commonly, heat pumps draw heat from the air or from the ground. Some air-source heat pumps do not work as well when temperatures fall below −5 °C (23 °F).

Contents

Air conditioner heat pumps with inverter

An air conditioner heat pump with an inverter is one of the most efficient forms of home heating. They work by moving heat from outside a dwelling to the inside (and vice versa for cooling), rather than by directly converting electrical energy to heat.

Refrigerant gas and climate change

Many of heat pumps now use the R-410A refrigerant gas, which does not contribute to ozone depletion, but it has a high global warming potential (1725 times the effect of carbon dioxide).

  • It is important that this gas is captured when units are serviced or decommissioned.
  • They must be installed by an accredited installer, otherwise the gas may be lost during installation

Efficiency

The efficiency of these units for heating and cooling can vary significantly between manufacturers and models, so check their energy ratings carefully. Also note that that the Australian energy rating system for heating and cooling appliances changed in 2010, so it is worth double-checking the energy rating information.

Heat exchangers are up to 6 times more efficient than appliances that directly convert electricity into heat energy, as they are moving heat around rather than creating it.

An example of two energy efficient units are:

Mitsubishi MSZ-FB25VA

MSZ-FB25VA energy rating
MSZ-FB25VA energy rating
  • Cooling output: 2.5 kW
  • Heating output: 3.2 kW
  • Cooling star rating: 4.5 out of 6
  • Heating star rating: 5 out of 6

Mitsubishi MSZ-FB35VA

MSZ-FB35VA energy rating
MSZ-FB35VA energy rating
  • Cooling output: 3.5 kW
  • Heating output: 4.0 kW
  • Cooling star rating: 3 out of 6
  • Heating star rating: 4 out of 6

Heat pumps installed in Surrey Hills house

Efficiency comparisons

The models in these comparisons are:

  • Mitsubishi: MSZ-FBxxVA series
  • Fujitsu: ASTAxxLCC series
  • Panasonic: CD-ExxLKR series

Image:Heat pumps 2.5kW.jpg Image:Heat pumps 3.5kW.jpg

See also

External links


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