Masanobu Fukuoka

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-{{nihongo|'''Masanobu Fukuoka'''|[[:ja:福岡正信|福岡 正信]]|Fukuoka Masanobu, Fukuoka Shōshin<ref name="Shoushin" />}} (February 2, 1913 &ndash; August 16, 2008), [[Japan]]ese natural-philosopher-farmer, {{nihongo|educator|先生|sensei}}, writer, naturalist, artist-drawer, poet, researcher and professional biological scientist early in working life, and overall a [[polymath]].  
-{{Cquote|My ultimate dream is to sow seeds in the desert. To revegetate the deserts is to sow seed in people's hearts. 
- 
-The greening of the desert means sowing seeds in people's hearts and creating a green paradise of peace on earth.|||Masanobu Fukuoka|'''''The Road Back to Nature''''' 1987 -page 360<br>'''''The Ultimatum of GOD NATURE•''The One-Straw Revolution''•A RECAPITULATION''''' 1996 -page 203 <ref name="Ult-Dream-Sow-Desert-Recap-One-Straw-Rev" />}} 
- 
-{{Cquote|...The ultimate goal of farming is not the growing of crops, but the cultivation and perfection of human beings.|||Masanobu Fukuoka|'''''The One-Straw Revolution''''' 1978 -page 119 <ref name="perfection-humans-One-Straw-Rev" />}} 
- 
-These quotations of his ultimate dream & goal, philosophical or spiritual kinds of goal, in other words meta-physical kinds, not only physical nor material kinds of goal, distinguishes his practise as ultimately "Green...Oriental natural philosophy", and distinguishes him as an "Oriental natural" philosopher, instead of as only a commercial or materialist farmer. 
- 
-Pioneer of modern-day [[no-till farming|no-till]] [[cereal|grain]] cultivation, among various pioneers{{Citation needed|date=January 2010}}.  
-More generally Mr. Fukuoka's systems, commonly in English, get referred to as "''The Natural Way of Farming''" or ''[[Nature_(innate)|Natural]] Farming'', [[Wu_wei|Do Nothing]] [[Do-nothing_farming|Farming]], Fukuoka Farming, or the Fukuoka Method. 
- 
-Creator in Japanese, of more than ten books, of scientific papers, essays, poetry, lectures, television appearances & interviews, patents and the [[Iroha]] song-verses<ref name="Iroha kakumei uta testament publication description" />. 
-Published scientific papers at least as early as 1937, books at least as early as one self-published in 1947, and the apparent next one, better known in 1958. 
-Television appearances on [[NHK]] (national public broadcaster of Japan) at least as early as 1976<ref name="NHK appearance 1976" />, and at least 13 appearances recorded from 1976 onwards<ref name="NHK appearances search results" />. 
-Of his Japanese books at least five have published translations to English.  
-Of his Japanese books having a translation to English, at least three of those and some more of his books not yet translated to English, have some translations to languages including: [[Greek_language|Greek]], several Indian (& subcontinent) languages: [[Malayalam]] [[Marathi_language|Marathi]] [[Gujarati_language|Gujarati]] [[Telugu_language|Telugu]] [[Bengali_language|Bengali]] [[Hindi]] [[Tamil_language|Tamil]], [[French_language|French]], [[Italian_language|Italian]], [[German_language|German]], [[Thai_language|Thai]], [[Spanish_language|Spanish]], [[Catalan_language|Catalan]], Philippines-[[Tagalog_language|Tagalog]], [[Chinese_language|Chinese]], [[Serbian_language|Serbian]], [[Croatian_language|Croatian]], [[Turkish_language|Turkish]], [[Korean_language|Korean]], [[Russian_language|Russian]], etc. 
- 
-==Life== 
-Trained as a [[microbiology|microbiologist]] in his native Japan, he began his career as a [[soil]] [[scientist]] and in specializing in [[plant]] [[pathology]]. At age 25 "In an instant I had become a different person "<ref name="One-Straw-Rev-Recapitulation-satori-Eng-quote" />; experiencing [[satori|liberation from impediments to reaching enlightenment]]<ref name="Journeying with Seedballs-Bio" /><ref name="Ramon Magsaysay Award-Bio" /> and then therefore profound doubt of modern 'Western' [[Agricultural_science|agricultural-science]]. He resigned from his job as a research scientist, and returned to his family's farm on the island of [[Shikoku]] in southern Japan to demonstrate his enlightenment experience in practise by its implementation on his family farm, initially with some of his father's [[organic farming|organic]] Citrus orchard. From that point on he devoted his life to expressing his [[satori|enlightenment experience]], including farming (systems) interwoven inside practical philosophy<ref name="Interwoven philosophy & practise-Jamie" /> in doing {{nihongo3||[[:ja:自然農法|自然農法]]|shizen nōhō}} [[Nature_(innate)|nature]] farming. '''[[Nature farming|Nature Farming]]''' more correctly translates his Japanese into English<ref name="Spontaneously-DDB" /><ref name="NATURE FARMING-Xu1" /><ref name="nature - knowledge--discriminating and non-discriminating" />, deftly also titled [[Nature_(innate)|natural]], "[[Do-nothing_farming|do-nothing]]", [[Wu_wei|Wú wéi]], [[Wu_wei|"no-action"]] or 'not doing' farming.  
- 
-Mr. Fukuoka defined his farming systems' [[Orthopraxy|practises according to required inseparable principles]]<ref name="req inseparable principles -Natural way of Farming-quote" /><ref name="req inseparable principles-One-Straw-Rev-quote" /> based on evidence, disproving 'Western' agricultural science conventions:  
-* [[No-till farming|human cultivation of soil]] or [[No-till farming|plowing]] or [[No-till farming|tilling]] disproof -unnecessary, evidently- as is any use of powered machines<ref name="MuPlowing" /><ref name="req inseparable principles -One-Straw-Rev-details-start" />,  
-* imported-from-off-farm [[fertilizer]] applications disproof -unnecessary, evidently- as is the process of composting<ref name="MuFertilzer" /><ref name="req inseparable principles -One-Straw-Rev-details-start" />,  
-* weed [[wikt:eradication|eradication]] disproof -unnecessary, evidently-, instead only minimal weed control with minimal disturbance<ref name="MuWeed-eradication" /><ref name="req inseparable principles -One-Straw-Rev-details-start" />, by cutting low with long-handled {{nihongo3|Japanese sickles-scythes|[[:ja:鎌|鎌]]|[[Kama_(weapon)|kama]]}}<ref name="kama photos-One-Straw-Rev" />,  
-* [[pesticide]]s', [[herbicide]]s' applications disproof -unnecessary, evidently-<ref name="MuPestHerbicides" /><ref name="req inseparable principles -One-Straw-Rev-details-start" />, and 
-* pruning of fruit trees disproof -unnecessary, evidently-<ref name="MuPruning" /><ref name="req inseparable principles -One-Straw-Rev-details-start" />. 
- 
-He devoted his life to expressing his [[satori|enlightenment experience]] more widely by reseeding ecosystems into areas of man-made deserts, and teaching thousands of people including farmers & children in many places around Earth, in India, U.S.A., Nepal, Africa including: Somalia, Tanzania, Kenya, Greece, France, Thailand, Phillippines, Vietnam, Spain, Italy, Austria, Holland, Germany, Switzerland, China, Afghanistan, and so on. 
-<ref name="Journeying with Seedballs" /> 
-<ref name="Nature Farmers-India Rishi Keti" /> <ref name="Nature Farmers-Rishi kheti-Titus' farm-India" /> 
-<ref name="Nature Farmers-Greece" /> 
-<ref name="Ramon Magsaysay Award-Bio" /> 
-<ref name="Nature Farmers-Italy" /> 
-<ref name="Nature Farmers-Thailand & SE Asia" /> 
-<ref name="Nature Farmers-Afganistan" /> 
- 
-The timing and circumstances of Mr. Fukuoka's going beyond modern 'Western' agricultural science, parallels the new movement in the 1940s to [[organic farming]] and gardening in Europe and the [[United States|US]], led by pioneers like [[Lady Eve Balfour]], [[Sir Albert Howard]], [[Ruth Stout]], and [[J.I. Rodale]] (founder of [[Rodale Press]]).  
- 
-Mr. Fukuoka distinctively defines nature farming from organic farming or '[[permaculture]]' by his [[Orthopraxy|practises according to required inseparable principles]]<ref name="req inseparable principles -Natural way of Farming-quote" /><ref name="req inseparable principles-One-Straw-Rev-quote" /> (detailed above); These, his required inseparable principles in turn arise at their "core" from following "the road back to nature, bearing in mind an [[Wu_wei|Oriental natural philosophy]]" {{nihongo||無|mu}}<ref name="mu" /> & {{nihongo||無為|mui}}<ref name="mui" /><ref name="hootenfarmer-muikipedia" /> ({{zh|t=[[:zh:无为_(道家)|無爲]]|s=[[:zh:无为_(道家)|无为]]|p=[[Wu_wei|Wú wéi]]}}), described in his English translation below: 
- 
- 
-'''The Ultimatum of GOD NATURE ''The One-Straw Revolution'' A RECAPITULATION''' 
- 
-... 
- 
-PART 2 THE ROAD TO NATURAL FARMING [page 197] 
- 
-... 
- 
-D. From Organic Farming to Natural Farming [page 205] 
- 
-<blockquote> 
-<p>In the future, American agriculture will probably grow even larger on business capital, but on the other hand, people who are inclined to using natural methods will probably progress from organic to natural farming.<p/> 
-<p>The problem, however, is that the distinction between organic and natural farming is still not generally understood. Of course, scientific farming and organic farming are not that different, and fundamentally both can be called scientific. Consequently, the boundary between them is unclear.<p/> 
-<p>The major objective of the international conference I attended on this visit to the U.S. was to assess the current world situation and to determine in which direction to move in the future. In more concrete terms, the goal was to examine how various farming methods now being practised, such as permaculture, organic farming, and other methods based on new ideas, relate to each other and to what extent they can act in concert.<p/> 
-<p>I may just be feathering my own nest, but as far as I can see, the only way is to follow the road back to nature, bearing in mind an Oriental natural philosophy. I believe that in doing this, we will establish techniques that go beyond our present technology. Although this philosophy still takes various forms and names, it is clear that the thought underlying it is my "Green Philosophy" as I described it in The One-Straw Revolution.<p/> 
-<p>It is fine to turn gradually from organic farming onto the road that leads to anti-scientific farming. It is fine to set our sights on farming that perpetuates itself infinitely and on a return to nature, even while enjoying life on a designed farm. But these must not end up as microscopic techniques and should not be used as temporary fads. Even though we have these at our command, at the core there must be a natural philosophy, in order to establish a farming method that will become the great principle of an agriculture that continues infinitely.<p/> 
-<ref name="One-Straw-Rev-Recapitulation-p205" /> 
-<ref name="The Road Back to Nature-p362-3" /> 
-</blockquote> 
-— 1992 {{nihongo2|'''総括編-わら一本お革命「神と自然と人の革命」'''}} translated 1996 '''The Ultimatum of GOD NATURE ''The One-Straw Revolution'' A RECAPITULATION''' -page 205<br /> 
-— 1984 {{nihongo2|'''自然に還る'''}} translated 1987 '''The Road Back to Nature-Regaining the Paradise Lost''' -older version of this quote, pages 362-3 
- 
- 
-Mr. Fukuoka received "The Deshikottam Award, India's most prestigious award" from the hands of then Indian Prime Minister [[Rajiv Gandhi]]<ref name="Nature Farmers-Rishi kheti-Titus' farm-India" /><ref name="Ramon Magsaysay Award-Bio" /><ref name="Japan for Sustainability News-en" /><ref name="Japan for Sustainability News-ja" /> in 1988. 
-In 1991 during his second visit to India, Mr. Fukuoka talked with then Prime Minister [[P._V._Narasimha_Rao|Narasimha Rao]], who came to Prime Ministership after Prime Minister [[Rajiv Gandhi]] was assassinated. 
- 
-Also in 1988, Mr. Fukuoka received the "[[Ramon_Magsaysay_Award|Ramon Magsaysay Award]] for Public Service"<ref name="Ramon Magsaysay Award-Fukuoka-Cita" />, often considered Asia's Nobel Prize<ref name="Asian Nobel Prize-BBC" /><ref name="Asian Nobel Prize-Phillipine Star" /> :  
-{{Cquote|In electing MASANOBU FUKUOKA to receive the 1988 Ramon Magsaysay Award for Public Service, the Board of Trustees recognizes his demonstration to small farmers everywhere that natural farming offers a practical, environmentally safe, and bountiful alternative to modern commercial practices and their harmful consequences.|||Ramon Magsaysay Award Foundation Board of Trustees|Ramon Magsaysay Award Foundation website 1988 citation page<ref name="Ramon Magsaysay Award-Fukuoka-Cita" />}} 
-In 1998 he received an associated US$10,000 grant from the [[Rockefeller Brothers Fund]]<ref name="Rockefeller-$10000" />, who established the annual award in 1957 with an endowment to the Ramon Magsaysay Award Foundation. The grant was a contribution toward the publication of a textbook, "Natural Farming - How to Make Clayballs."<ref name="Rockefeller-$10000" />, which he didn't proceed with "because of advanced age", returning the grant in 1999<ref name="Rockefeller-$10000-returned" />. 
- 
-At the 1997 Earth Summit+5 (Rio+5) forum, 13-19th March in Rio de Janeiro, it was decided to award Mr. Fukuoka the [[Earth Council Award]], received in person at a ceremony in Tokyo on the 26th May<ref name="Earth Council Awards Japan 1997 Gov page" />, it "honours politicians, business persons, scholars, and non-governmental organizations for their contributions to sustainable development."<ref name="Japan for Sustainability News-en" /><ref name="Japan for Sustainability News-ja" /> 
- 
-At age 92, Mr. Fukuoka continued to lecture when he could, such as at [[Expo_2005|World Expo 2005]] in [[Aichi Prefecture]], [[Japan]]<ref name="World Expo Aichi Japan 2005 appearance" />.  
-Futhermore February 2nd 2006 for Mr. Fukuoka's 93rd birthday: "some friends are celebrating in Tokyo with his video message."<ref name="93rd celebrations" /> 
-Futhermore May 7th 2006, at age 93 elder Mr. Fukuoka gave a fine hour-long dialogue with {{nihongo||金光寿郎|Kanamitsu Toshio}}, including extensively discussing & explaining his [[Iroha]] song-verses<ref name="Iroha kakumei uta testament publication description" />, on Japanese television station NHK<ref name="NHK TV dialogue at 93" /><ref name="Eulogy with NHK Iroha program video" />. 
-{{nihongo3|Masanobu Fukuoka|[[:ja:福岡正信|福岡 正信]]|Fukuoka Masanobu}} died on August 16th, 2008, at the age of 95. <ref name="Eulogy with NHK Iroha program video" /><ref name="Letter-Obituary-Family-Condolences-many meaningful writings-photos" /> 
- 
-===Curriculum Vitae in brief=== 
-*1913 - Born, in [[Ehime Prefecture]], [[Shikoku]] (island), southern Japan. 
-*1931 - {{nihongo|[[Matsuyama]] Junior High School|松山中学}} graduation. 
-*1933 - [[Gifu Prefecture]] {{nihongo|Agricultural College (High School-University)|高農農学科}} graduation, was a student under tuition of eminent Professor [[Makoto Hiura]]. 
-*1934 - {{nihongo|[[Yokohama]] Customs Bureau, Plant Inspection Division|[[:ja:横浜税関|横浜税関]]植物検査課}} work career, under the supervision of Professor [[Eiichi Kurosawa]], pathology researcher, renowned for being the first person to isolate gibberellin (plant hormone) - with many significant implications; Mr. Fukuoka regarded Professor Kurosawa as his father. 
-*1937 - May Spring - [[satori|Enlightenment experience]]; Next day resigned, from Yokohama Customs Bureau; Many dialogues trying expressing his enlightenment experience, meditation, wandering -western Japan, [[Yufuin,_Ōita|Yufuin]] outside [[Beppu,_Ōita|Beppu]] -[[Kyūshū]] (island) southern Japan. 
-*1938 - Spring - Return to the family farm to take up farming. Initiating {{nihongo|Nature Farming|自然農法}}. End-up after only a short time due to ensuing War. 
-*1939 - War years; [[Kōchi Prefecture]] {{nihongo|agricultural experiment station|[[:ja:農業試験場|農業試験場]]}} work including farming research & food-production. 
-*1940 - Spring - Married Ayako, together having five children over successive years. 
-*1947 - End of the war; Taking up farming again - {{nihongo|Nature Farming|自然農法}} single-minded devotion. 
-*1950 - Rice and Barley continuous succession no-till farming accomplishment - {{nihongo|Nature Farming|自然農法}} establishment. 
-*1972 - Creates "{{nihongo2|緑の哲学}}" (literally: Green (verdure) Philosophy) self-published 359 page book of practical-philosophy, theory and practical-ways' actual-methods of doing-practise, -publication announcement date 1972 April 25th (-he brings attention to this as an under-appreciated fact in later writing, 2001<ref name="Journeying with Seedballs-1972-publ" />) 
-*1975 - Creates "{{nihongo2|自然農法・わら一本の革命}}" (literally: Nature Farming・Straw One-stalk's Revolution) published by {{nihongo3||柏樹社|Hakujusha}}. 
-*1979 - July-August - First journey overseas, with his wife, to U.S. of America, "The two leaders of the health-through-macrobiotics movement in America are [[Michio Kushi]] and [[Herman Aihara]] in California. It was through their good graces that I was able to tour America in 1979.", journey across the country for about 40 days with [[Larry Korn|Larry]] (& friend?), including meeting with the [[United Nations]] - [[UNCCD]] -including [[Maurice Strong]] - encouraging his practical involvement in the "Plan of Action to Combat Desertification"; sowing seeds; ... . 
-*1983 - Europe, 50 days journey with [[Panayiotis Manikis|Panos]] (Greece) and Miriam (Italy), workshops, educating farmers, sowing seeds -Switzerland, Italy, Austria with [[Michio Kushi]] also, Germany, Holland with [[Thomas Nelissen]] also, France. 
-*1985 - Northern hemisphere summer -Forty days in Africa, [[Somalia]] informatively flying through Ethiopia, sowing seeds in areas of desert to re-vegetate them, the then government's unexpected policies limited him to mainly working in remote villages and an Ethiopian refugee camp. 
-*1986 - Northern hemisphere summer -U.S. America return for nearly 50 days, including keynote speaker in an international natural farming conference, August. 
-*1987-88 - [[Deshikottam Award]], India, given by Prime Minister [[Rajiv Gandhi]]; 2 months, visited {{nihongo|Nature Farms|自然農園}} including those of [[Partap C. Aggarwal|Partap Aggarwal]] with the Friends Rural Centre, Rasulia and of nearby [[Raju Titus|Raju]] & Shalini Titis, [[Madhya Pradesh]]. 
-*1988 - [[Ramon Magsaysay Award]] for public service, with his wife, Philippines; Journey among forests, farms, plantations, farmer's markets and the peace memorial monument. 
-*1990 - July - Thailand, propagating nature farming to farmers. 
-*1991 - Thailand, collecting seeds for re-vegetating deserts in India with little success, planting seeds on the grounds of the Kanchanapuri childrens' village school. 
-*1991 - November-December - India return, 2 months, sowing seeds in the deserts to re-vegetate them...; viewing Mangrove broadcast seeding sucesses, Ganges River, [[West Bengal]] state; Calcutta; New Delhi; Meeting Minister of the Environment; Meeting Prime Minister [[P._V._Narasimha_Rao|Rao]]; Minister of Agriculture; [[Madhya Pradesh]] viewing earlier seed sowing from Aeroplanes; [[Imphal]], [[Manipur]].  
-*1991 - Thailand again trying again to collect seeds. Correcting a problem with the seeds planted on the grounds of the childrens' village school. 
-*1992 - Participating in official meetings in Japan associated with and at the time of the [[Earth_Summit|Rio Earth Summit]], Brazil. 
-*1996 - Wet season-February- - [[Tanzania]], Africa, journey with [[Panayiotis Manikis|Panos]] (& 椿さん?), including sowing seeds in areas of desert to re-vegetate them, observing [[Baobab]]-tree & jungle country. 
-*1996 - Vietnam, making, teaching and sowing clay seed balls... . 
-*1997 - [[Earth Council Award]] honours for contributions to sustainable development. 
-*1997 - October - India, attending an international seminar to commemorate [[Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi|Gandhi]], Gandhi's Ashram [[Sevagram]] ([[Wardha]]); 19 days journey, lectured and observed many farms and gardens; Successor [[Yuko Honma|Ms. Honma]] led a clay seed ball workshop, with Mr. Fukuoka, Mr. Raju and many more; Producing a film of the journey's activities; From [[Mumbai]] [[Maharashtra]] re-visiting [[Punamchand Bapna|Punamchand Bapna's]] natural farm, [[Dahanu]], and [[Bhaskar Save|Bhaskar Save's]] natural farm, [[Umbergaon]] nearby in [[Gujarat]], giving high praise to both. 
-*1998 - Philippines, {{nihongo|Nature Farming|自然農法}} research after 10 years passed, including Ms Aveliw's {{nihongo|Nature Farm|自然農園}}, made in only 4 years. 
-*1998 - Spring March & Autumn - Greece with Greek-successor [[Panayiotis Manikis|Panos]], sowing seeds in areas of desert to re-vegetate them including major efforts for 10,000 ha around the [[Lake Vegoritis]] area, starting with 2,500 ha, to be completed in Autumn ... . 
-*1999 - Mallorca Spain (=Majorca island), visit, including making and sowing clay seed balls, interviews ... . 
-*2001 - Autumn - China... .  
-*2002 - Collecting seeds for [[Afghanistan]] with Japanese-successor [[Yuko Honma|Ms. Honma]], who with? or without? Mr. Fukuoka, journeyed there in Autumn, 8 tons of seed were shipped; India also... . 
-*2008 - August 16th died. 
- 
-==Select Creations== 
-{{Multicol}} 
-'''Video・ Documentary - Fukuoka Masanobu goes to India 1997''' 
- 
-Living-organisms' Planet - "For Living on the Planet Earth" 
- 
-Nature Farming (ways-laws-dharma)・Fukuoka Masanobu - Clay seed balls rescue Earth. 
- 
-Farming (ways-laws-dharma) supervision: Fukuoka Masanobu / Clay Seed Balls guidance: Honma Yuko / Direction: Imaizumi Kōji / Production: Salbong (Non-profit Movie Production) 
- 
-{{Multicol-break}} 
-{{nihongo2|'''ビデオ・ ドキュメンタリー 福岡正信インドヘ行く'''}} 
- 
-{{nihongo2|生き物たちの惑星「地球で生きるために」}} 
- 
-{{nihongo2|自然農法・福岡正信 粘土団子が地球を救う。}} 
- 
- 
-{{nihongo2|農法監修 福岡正信/粘土団子指導 本間 裕子/演出 今泉 光司/制作 サルボン(非営利映像制作)}} 
-{{Multicol-end}} 
- 
-{{Multicol}} 
-NTSC VHS/BTC STEREO - Japanese language edition・59 minutes - English language edition・61 minutes - 1998 - (available now, recently, on DVD in Japanese, instead of only tape...?) 
- 
-Company: サルボン (Salbong) 
-{{Multicol-break}} 
-{{nihongo2|NTSC VHS/BTC STEREO 日本語版・59分 英語版・61分
テープ
}} 
- 
- 
-{{nihongo2|サルボン}} 
-{{Multicol-end}} 
- 
- 
-'''Papers''' in scientific and Buddhist terms published at least as early as 1937 at age 24, include, in Japanese only: 
- 
-* {{cite journal 
-| author = {{nihongo2|福岡正信}} 
-| editor = 
-| date = 1937 August  
-| year = 1937 
-| month = Aug 
-| title = {{nihongo2|柑橘樹脂病特にその完全時代に就て}} 
-| trans_title = (A study) On Citrus gummosis (fungus): specifically in it's Perfect State (sexually-reproductive state) 
-| journal = Annals of the Phytopathological Society of Japan {{nihongo2|日本植物病理學會報}} 
-| volume = 7 
-| issue = 1 
-| series =  
-| pages = 32–33 
-| publisher = The Phytopathological Society of Japan (PSJ) http://www.ppsj.org/ {{nihongo2|日本植物病理学会}} 
-| location =  
-| issn = 00319473 
-| pmid =  
-| pmc =  
-| doi =  
-| bibcode =  
-| oclc =  
-| id =  
-| url = http://ci.nii.ac.jp/lognavi?name=nels&lang=en&type=pdf&id=ART0003055436 
-| language = Japanese 
-| format = PDF 
-| archiveurl =  
-| archivedate =  
-| accessdate =  
-| laysummary =  
-| laysource =  
-| laydate =  
-| quote =  
-| ref =  
-| separator =  
-| postscript =  
-}} - he prepared this while working at the {{nihongo|Plant Inspection Division of the Yokohama Customs Bureau|横濱税關植物檢査課}}. 
- 
-* {{cite journal 
-| author = {{nihongo2|福岡正信}} 
-| editor = 
-| date = 1971 July 
-| year = 1971 
-| month = July 
-| title = {{nihongo2|私の農法(講演〔「近代農法の反省と今後の農業」セミナーより〕)}} 
-| trans_title = My farming ways (A lecture at the "Reflecting on modern-day farming ways and considering the future of farming" seminar) 
-| journal = Cooperative Research Institute Monthly Report {{nihongo2|協同組合経営研究月報}} 
-| volume =  
-| issue = 214 
-| series =  
-| pages = 19-36 
-| publisher = Cooperative Research Institute {{nihongo2|協同組合経営研究所}}, Japan. 
-| location =  
-| issn = 09141758 
-| pmid =  
-| pmc =  
-| doi =  
-| bibcode =  
-| oclc =  
-| id =  
-| url = http://ci.nii.ac.jp/naid/40000735157/en/ 
-| language = Japanese 
-| format =  
-| archiveurl =  
-| archivedate =  
-| accessdate =  
-| laysummary =  
-| laysource =  
-| laydate =  
-| quote =  
-| ref =  
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-}} 
- 
-* {{cite book 
-|author= {{nihongo2|福岡正信}} 
-|authormask= 
-|authorlink= 
-|coauthors= 
-|firstn= 
-|lastn= 
-|authorn-link= 
-|editor= 
-|editorn-last= 
-|editorn-first= 
-|editor-link= 
-|editorn-link= 
-|others= 
-|title= {{nihongo title|智慧とは何か - 仏教の知 現代の知}} 
-|trans_title= What is Wisdom?: Buddhist way-of-knowing Present-day way-of-knowing (-?translation?) 
-|url= http://www.hozokan.co.jp/hozo/bookd/bukkyo/i_0207.html 
-|archiveurl= 
-|archivedate= 
-|format= 
-|accessdate= 
-|type= 
-|edition= 
-|series= Quarterly Buddhism {{nihongo2|季刊仏教}} 
-|volume= No.7 
-|date = 1989 May 
-|origyear= 
-|year = 1989 
-|month = May 
-|publisher= {{nihongo|Hōzōkan|法蔵館}} 
-|location= 
-|language= Japanese 
-|isbn= 9784831802071 
-|oclc= 
-|doi= 
-|bibcode= 
-|id= 
-|page= 
-|pages= 159- 
-|nopp= 
-|at= 
-|chapter= {{nihongo title|生と死 ―私の死生観―}} 
-|trans_chapter= Life and Death ―My view of Life and Death― 
-|chapterurl= 
-|quote= 
-|ref= 
-|laysummary= 
-|laydate= 
-|separator=  
-|postscript=  
-|lastauthoramp= 
-}} 
- 
-* {{cite book 
-|author= {{nihongo2|福岡正信}} 
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-|title= {{nihongo title|いのちの環境}} 
-|trans_title= Life's environment (-?translation?-) 
-|url= http://www.hozokan.co.jp/hozo/bookd/bukkyo/i_0256.html 
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-|series= Quarterly Buddhism・Supplementary Issue {{nihongo2|季刊仏教・別冊6}} 
-|volume= No.6 
-|date = 1991 Nov. 
-|origyear= 
-|year = 1991 
-|month = Nov. 
-|publisher= {{nihongo|Hōzōkan|法蔵館}} 
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-|language= Japanese 
-|isbn= 9784831802569 
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-|pages= 52- 
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-|chapter= {{nihongo title|砂漠に種を蒔く}} 
-|trans_chapter= Sow seeds in the desert 
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-* {{cite book 
-|author= {{nihongo2|福岡正信}} 
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-|title= {{nihongo title|「日本仏教」批判}} 
-|trans_title= "Japanese Buddhism" A Criticism 
-|url= http://www.hozokan.co.jp/hozo/bookd/bukkyo/i_0225.html 
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-|series= Quarterly Buddhism {{nihongo2|季刊仏教}} 
-|volume= No. 25 
-|date = 1993 Oct. 
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-|year = 1993 
-|month = Oct. 
-|publisher= {{nihongo|Hōzōkan|法蔵館}} 
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-|language= Japanese 
-|isbn= 9784831802255 
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-|pages= 130- 
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-|chapter= {{nihongo title|自然教に生きる}} 
-|trans_chapter= Nature/Natural/Spontaneous teaching ?for ?living (-?confirmatory translation needed-?) 
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-}}<ref name="hootenfarmer-muikipedia" /> 
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-* {{cite book 
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-|title= {{nihongo title|森の哲学 - 新たな宗教哲学をめざして}} 
-|trans_title= Forest's Philosophy - Toward a new philosophy of religion 
-|url= http://www.hozokan.co.jp/hozo/bookd/bukkyo/i_0228.html 
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-|series= Quarterly Buddhism {{nihongo2|季刊仏教}} 
-|volume= No. 28 
-|date = 1994 July 
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-|year = 1994 
-|month = July 
-|publisher= {{nihongo|Hōzōkan|法蔵館}} 
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-|language= Japanese 
-|isbn= 9784831802286 
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-|pages= 176- 
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-|chapter= {{nihongo title|自然農法のよる社会革命 —自然の心に到る道—}} 
-|trans_chapter= Nature Farmings' continuation's social revolution —The Path Leading to Natural Mind— (-?translation?-) 
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- 
-'''Books''' with translations to English include the following:  
- 
-* 1947 {{nihongo3||無-神の革命|mu: kami no kakumei}} 1st ed self-publ<ref name="mu-1st-publ" /><ref name="god's farming-40s book Jean-Claude Catry" />. Publ 1973 as {{nihongo3||無 I-神の革命|mu I: kami no kakumei}}. Re-publ 1985 & 2004 {{nihongo3||[[:ja:春秋社|春秋社]]|Shunjūsha}}. 
-**1964? "'''Mu 1-The God Revolution'''" translated by [[Alfred_Birnbaum|Alfred Birnbaum]]?. Japan.<ref name="god's farming-40s book Jean-Claude Catry" /><ref name="Mu 1-The God Revolution-photo" /> 
-* 1975 {{nihongo3||自然農法-わら一本の革命|shizen nōhō-wara ippon no kakumei}} 
-**1978 "'''[[The One-Straw Revolution]]'''" translators Chris Pearce, Tsune Kurosawa & Larry Korn. English preface Wendell Berry. Rodale Press. A 2009 30 yr anniv. publishing NYRB. 
-* 1976 {{nihongo3||自然農法-緑の哲学の理論と実践|shizen nōhō-midori no tetsugaku no riron to jissen}}  
-**1985 "'''The Natural Way Of Farming-The Theory and Practice of Green Philosophy'''" translated by Frederic P. Metreaud. Japan Publications. 
-* 1984 {{nihongo3||自然に還る|shizen ni kaeru}} {{nihongo3||[[:ja:春秋社|春秋社]]|Shunjūsha}}. 
-**1987 "'''The Road Back to Nature-Regaining the Paradise Lost'''" translated by Frederic P. Metreaud. Japan Publications. 
-* 1992 {{nihongo3||総括編-わら一本お革命「神と自然と人の革命」|sōkatsuhen-wara ippon no kakumei 「kami to shizen to hito no kakumei」}} 
-**1996 "'''The Ultimatum of GOD NATURE ''The One-Straw Revolution'' A RECAPITULATION'''" Mr. Fukuoka commissioned an English-retranslation & very limited printing<ref name="One-Straw-Rev-Recapitulation-Eng-limited-ed" />. 
-* and at least nine more Japanese books or major revisions of his books. His first book self-published in 1947<ref name="mu-1st-publ" /><ref name="god's farming-40s book Jean-Claude Catry" />, and the apparent next one, better known in 1958<ref name="Japanese Wikipedia biblio" /><ref name="BK1 Japanese online bookstore" /><ref name="WebCat Plus ja Fukuoka Masanobu" /> 
- 
-==Translation of Philosophy and Language== 
- 
-The Chinese words [[Wu_wei|Wú wéi]] of [[Taoism|Tao]]-philosophy origin, widely recognised in the 'West', translate directly to this Japanese word {{nihongo3|unconditioned...|無為|mui}}<ref name="mui" />. Evidently some loss of some connections of understanding, occurred in use of English translations of Mr. Fukuoka's Japanese writing (of Wú wéi-{{nihongo2|無為}}); Compare for example, in the following footnotes' webpages' wonderful writing, their different understandings of connections between Mr. Fukuoka's writings and Wú wéi ({{nihongo2|無為}})<ref name="hootenfarmer-muikipedia" /><ref name="nyrb-blog-One-Straw-Rev-review" />.  
- 
-Mr. Fukuoka writes some articulation, philosophically, of his [[satori|enlightenment experience]], in Buddhist, Taoist and Christian terms:  
-* {{nihongo3|"non-existent", "non-being", "Pure human awareness, prior to experience or knowledge."|無|[[Mu (no thing)|mu]]|extra='no thing' or Mr. Fukuoka's "nothingness"}}<ref name="mu" />,  
-* {{nihongo3|"lacking (defiled) thought"|無心|[[mushin|mu shin]]|extra=Mr. Fukuoka's "empty mind" or "state of detachment"}}<ref name="mushin" /> 
-* {{nihongo3|"unconditioned..."|無為|[[Wu_wei|mu i]]|extra=Mr. Fukuoka's "do nothing, ..."}}<ref name="mui" />,  
-* {{nihongo3|"devoid of discrimination"|無分別|mu fun betsu|extra=Mr. Fukuoka's: "non-discrimination"}}<ref name="mu-fun-betsu" /><ref name="nature - knowledge--discriminating and non-discriminating" />,  
-* {{nihongo3|"spontaneously", "original nature", "suchness, thusness", "the appearance of true reality as it is, or a thing just as it is.", "self-existent", spontaneous nature, [[nature (innate)|innate-nature]], nature, "so of its own", 'just so', natural or naturally"|自然|ji nen or shi zen}}<ref name="Spontaneously-DDB" />,  
-* {{nihongo3|unconditioned nature|無為自然|mu i ji.nen/shi.zen|extra=Mr. Fukuoka's "do-nothing nature"}}<ref name="mui-jinen-DDB" /><ref name="mui-shizen-Kenkyushas-Dict" /> 
- 
-Parallel identical sentences in both Japanese & English-translation including the words "{{nihongo2|無}}", "{{nihongo2|無心}}", "{{nihongo2|無為}}", "{{nihongo2|無分別}}", "{{nihongo2|自然}}" & "{{nihongo2|無為自然}}", and further sentences clarifying and elaborating on them, became available in 1996 with his privately re-translated & published English very limited edition, "''A Recapitulation''" of "''The One-Straw Revolution''"<ref name="One-Straw-Rev-Recapitulation" />. 
- 
-Brief sentences in, Japanese under the heading "「矛盾の誕生」" from page 83, second column<ref name="Journeying with Seedballs-p83" />, and English under the heading "The Birth and Expansion of Contradictions" from page 110, top half<ref name="One-Straw-Rev-Recapitulation-p110" />, respectively, provide parallel-translation quotations juxtaposed below: 
- 
-{{nihongo2|「知らぬが仏と、無心・無意・無為の道を歩むしかない。」}}<br /> 
-We can only walk the path of not-knowing, of no-mind, no-will, and no-action. 
- 
-{{nihongo2|「太古、智恵の木の実を食べた原人の原罪をつぐなう道は唯一つ、無為自然のエデンの花園創りに励むしかない。」}}<br /> 
-There is only one path of atonement for the original sin of primitive man, eating the fruit of the tree of knowledge. That is to create a Garden of Eden of do-nothing nature. 
- 
-{{nihongo2|「すなわち元の自然に還って自然と一体となり、無分別、自他合一(共生)の世界に生きるしかない。」}}<br /> 
-In other words, we can only return to original nature, become one with it, and live in a world of non-discrimination and unity (symbiosis). 
- 
-Hence from this & additional examples written in this 1996 English recapitulation & re-translation, the English phrases: "do-nothing", "no-action" or 'not doing', all refer to the Japanese word {{nihongo3|unconditioned...|無為|mui|extra=[[Wu_wei|Wú wéi]]}}.  
-In the 1970s Mr. Fukuoka apparently advised English-translators preparing the 1978 first English edition of "''The One-Straw Revolution''", Chris Pearce, Tsune Kurosawa & Larry Korn, to use the English apparent-mystery-phrase "do-nothing" (including often inside quotes) for Wú wéi {{nihongo3|unconditioned...|無為|mui}}. Seemingly, Mr. Fukuoka intended "do-nothing" as a mystery phrase in English language, to usher readers to themselves directly appreciate the real meaning of it, by having direct non-verbal experiences of it, as well understood in "Oriental natural philosophy"; Including as manifested in his practise of, and ''as experienced in the practise of'' [[Nature_(innate)|Nature]] Farming. If this is as it seems, Mr. Fukuoka took an insightful multi-level-meaning-approach to the English translation. 
- 
-Mr. Fukuoka's subsequent reprise, quoted in Japanese and his English-translation: 
- 
-{{Cquote 
-|{{nihongo2|私は西洋人から “do nothingの男” と言われるが、ただ時計を捨てただけである。}}<br /> 
-Westerners call me a "do-nothing man", but I simply threw away my watch. 
-|||{{nihongo2|福岡正信}}|1992 '''{{nihongo|わら一本お革命・総括編 「神と自然と人と革命」}}''' - New & expanded edition published 2001 '''{{nihongo|わら一本の革命 総括編 —粘土団子の旅— }}''' -page54.<br />(Fukuoka Masanobu), English translation private limited ed. printing 1996 '''''The Ultimatum of GOD NATURE ''The One-Straw Revolution'' A RECAPITULATION''''' -page 49. 
-}} 
- 
-==Nature Farming== 
- 
-Mr. Fukuoka practised a system of farming he referred to as {{nihongo3||[[:ja:自然農法|自然農法]]|shizen nōhō}} [[Nature_(innate)|Nature]] Farming<ref name="Spontaneously-DDB" /><ref name="NATURE FARMING-Xu1" />; In English translations till now as "''The Natural Way of Farming''" or ''Natural Farming'' for shorthand. In [[India]], "natural farming" is often referred to as "Rishi Kheti (farming as practised by the ancient sages)."<ref name="Nature Farmers-India Rishi Keti" /><ref name="Nature Farmers-Rishi kheti-Titus' farm-India" /><ref name="Mr. Fukuoka news article 2010 Mumbai India" />. Although many of his plant varieties and some of his practises, may relate specifically to Japan and even to specific local conditions there in subtropical western Shikoku, his philosophy and the governing principles of his farming systems see practical application around the world; Practised with mostly different varieties of plants in different places & climates, as for example in India, in Africa and even in the cold temperate north end of mainland [[Honshū]], far northern Japan, in [[Akinori Kimura|Akinori Kimura's]] [[Aomori Prefecture]] apple orchard {{nihongo|nature farming|自然農法|shizen nōhō}}.  
-{{Taxobox 
-|name = [[Iyokan]] 
-|image = Iyokan on tree.jpg 
-|image_caption = Iyokan 
-|regnum = [[Plantae]] 
-|divisio = [[Angiosperms]] 
-|unranked_classis = [[Eudicots|True dicotyledons]] 
-|familia = [[Rutaceae]] 
-|genus = ''[[Citrus]]'' 
-|species = '''''C. × iyo''''' 
-|}} 
-{{Taxobox 
-|name = [[Amanatsu]] / Natsumikan 
-|image = Citrus kawanonatsudaidai fruit.jpg 
-|regnum = [[Plantae]] 
-|divisio = [[Angiosperms]] 
-|unranked_classis = [[Eudicots|True dicotyledons]] 
-|familia = [[Rutaceae]] 
-|genus = ''[[Citrus]]'' 
-|species = '''''C. natsudaidai''''' 
-|binomial = ''Citrus natsudaidai'' 
-|binomial_authority = [[Bunzō Hayata|Hayata]] 
-|}} 
-Principally Mr. Fukuoka's systems minimise the human labour or disturbance, in facilitating as closely as practical, nature's reproduction of human foods, such as rice, barley, [[daikon]] or citrus mixed within biodiverse agricultural-[[ecosystem]]s. Without [[plow]]ing, [[seeds]] [[germination|germinate]] quite happily on the surface if nature's conditions at each seed's site meet that seed's requirements. Considerable emphasis also gets given to practises sustaining of [[biodiversity|diversity]] rather than destructive of it. Spiders' continuing residence in his annual crop fields provides a '[[key performance indicator]]' of sustainability, he points out. 
- 
-Ground always remains covered.  
-[[Weed]]s, ground cover of [[white clover]], [[alfalfa]] ([[Medicago|medic]]) & more herbaceous [[legume]]s, and sometimes additional deliberately sown herbaceous plants, receive regard as part of the ecosystems of the grains' crops, vegetables' crops and orchards. 
- 
-In the orchard of mainly organic {{nihongo|[[iyokan]] trees|[[:ja:伊予柑|伊予柑]] - [[:ja:イヨカン|イヨカン]]|iyo kan}}, {{nihongo|[[amanatsu]] trees|[[:ja:甘夏|甘夏]]|ama natsu|extra=-a variety of ''Citrus natsudaidai'' [[Natsumikan]]}}, sweet-&-sour summer citrus (-also see [[mikan]] or [[Satsuma_(fruit)|satsuma]]), {{nihongo|[[pomelo]] or shaddock|[[:ja:文旦|文旦]]|pum tan}} & several more related citrus varieties, [[cherry blossom]]s, [[Peach|peaches]], [[Prunus_salicina|plums]], [[chayote]]s or chokos, [[Actinidia_deliciosa|chinese gooseberries]] or [[kiwi fruit]]s, {{Nihongo|"Morishima acacia"|"モリシマ アカシア"||extra=Black Wattle}} trees (Australian native Black Wattle ''[[Acacia mearnsii]]'', earlier in Mr. Fukuoka's time known as ''[[Acacia mollissima]]''), [[Meyer lemon|Meyer]] and more varieties of lemons, more different citrus varieties, [[Artemisia_(plant)|mugworts]], [[Japanese_Chestnut|chestnuts]], [[Diospyros_kaki|persimmons]], [[Melia_azedarach|melias]], [[Cinnamomum_camphora|camphor trees]], [[Myrica_rubra|wax myrtle]], [[camellia]]s, [[hydrangea]]s, etc.; Various welcomed weeds; Sown white clover & many more [[legume|leguminous]] plant species varieties; [[Buckwheat]] or [[:ja:ソバ|soba]], [[daikon]], [[sweet potato]] or kumara, [[Greater_burdock|burdock]] or [[:ja:ゴボウ|gobō]], rapeseed, [[Brassica_juncea|Indian mustard]], [[Mizuna|potherb mustard]] or [[:ja:ミズナ|mizuna]], etc.; Many local native wild plant species eg. "many wild herbs", groves of [[Bamboo]], ferns<ref name="Ferns-uraijiro-koshida" />; Many more vegetable & herb plant species; All grow together, all receiving regard as part of the ecosystem.  
-Periodically some ground layer plants including weeds may get cut low-down, with long-handled {{nihongo3|Japanese sickles-scythes|[[:ja:鎌|鎌]]|[[Kama_(weapon)|kama]]}}<ref name="kama photos-One-Straw-Rev" />, and allowed to lie on the surface so the nutrients they contain are returned to the soil, shading & suppressing (re-)growth of weeds, and hence facilitating the option of perhaps sowing more vegetable or herb seeds, either naked or within clay seed balls, in the area.  
- 
-In the summer-rice and winter-barley grains' crops, ground covers of particularly [[white clover]], and also of [[alfalfa]] ([[Medicago|medic]]) & more herbaceous [[legume]]s grow under the grain plants, naturally providing, [[Nitrogen_fixation|—fixing— nitrogen]] from the atmosphere.  
-As well as these and the weeds, [[straw]] from the previous crop covers the [[topsoil]], as [[mulch]]. 
- 
-Each grain crop is sown before the previous one is harvested.  
-This is done by [[broadcast seeding|broadcasting]] the seed among the standing crop.  
- 
-Mr. Fukuoka re-invented for the present era and advanced, the art of {{nihongo|[[seed ball|clay seed balls]]|[[:ja:粘土団子|粘土 団子]]|nendo dango|extra= lit. (粘 -Sticky, 土 -Earth) -Clay, 団子 -Dumpling}} also {{nihongo|earth seed balls|土 団子|tsuchi dango}}. Clay seed balls are originally an ancient art, known from at least some First American peoples' practises. Seeds for next season's crop get mixed together, perhaps with a little [[humus]] or sometimes [[compost]], for [[microbial]] [[inoculant]]s, then rolled within the [[clay]] to form into small balls. 
- 
-[[Duck]]s are let into the grain crop, and specific [[insectivore|insectivorous]] [[carp]] into the [[rice paddy]] at certain times of the year to eat [[slug]]s and other [[pest (animal)|pest]]s{{Citation needed|date=August 2010}}. 
- 
-The result is a denser crop of smaller but highly productive and stronger plants. 
- 
-Mr. Fukuoka's practises & philosophy emphasises small scale farming and disproves mechanised-broad-acre farming's simplistic-suppositions of essential-higher-productivity, of efficiencies and of economies-of-scale;  
-While his family's-farm's area overall is larger, larger than the then average Japanese farm area, he wrote of one field of his already established grain crops as an example of small scale farming: 
-{{quote|In caring for a quarter-acre field, one or two people can do all the work of growing rice and winter grain in a matter of a few days. It seems unlikely that there could be a simpler way of raising grain.  
- 
-The method completely contradicts modern agricultural techniques. It throws scientific knowledge and traditional know-how right out the window. With this kind of farming, which uses no machines, no prepared fertilizer and no chemicals, it is possible to attain a harvest equal to or greater than that of the average Japanese farm. The proof is ripening right before your eyes.|Masanobu Fukuoka|'''''The One-Straw Revolution''''' 1978 English translation -page 3.}} 
- 
-Nowadays, Mr. Fukuoka's {{nihongo|nature farm|"自然農園"|shizen nōen}} in Ehime Prefecture, Shikoku, southern Japan has changed primary-hands to his son, gradually during the late 1980s, as he reached an advanced age.  
-His orchard of organic [[iyokan|iyo-kan]] & [[amanatsu|ama-natsu-mikan]], more related varieties of citrus, of many different fruit trees, vines, shrubs, including more different citrus, of many different types of vegetables, herbs, local native trees, bamboo, shrubs, ferns and more species, and weeds eg. [[Tradescantia_fluminensis|Tradescantia]] sp., all growing mixed together, has matured through [[Ecological succession|succession]] considerably over recent decades.  
- 
-Today the organic iyo-kan & ama-natsu-mikan trees still grow, although some old iyo-kan have finished of old age, replaced by distinct new varieties of fruit for the orchard, with the pre-existing types of fruit trees, continuing straw-mulched crops' areas, vegetables' crops' areas, still some extensive vegetables under the orchard fruit trees, still bamboo groves, and many pre-existing trees and plants, all at the very least still grow in his family's {{nihongo|Fukuoka nature farm|"福岡自然農園"|Fukuoka shizen nōen}}; Now with an area of Ginko (trees), with places growing Shiitake mushrooms in tree bases, with the distinct new varieties for the orchard area, including Limes, Grapefruits, Feijoas, Avocados, Mangos, and so on, all together with the previous, providing abundant harvests for his son's family, substantial family, community and visitors' employment, and apparently reliable-prosperity for healthy people —healthy ecosystem— <ref name="hootenfarmer" /><ref name="Mr-Fukuokas-life-sons-farm-still-thriving-2004" /><ref name="Mr-Fukuokas-life-farming-sons-farm-now-2007" /><ref name="Mahoroba-blog-Elder-Fukuoka-story" /><ref name="Fukuokas-sons-farm-still-thriving-msg1" /><ref name="Fukuokas-sons-farm-still-thriving-msg2" />. 
- 
-==See also== 
-{{div col|2}} 
-* [[Nature farming|Nature Farming]] 
-* [[Seed ball]] 
-* [[Symbiosis]] - [[Mycorrhiza]] 
-* [[Satoyama]] 
-* [[Soil structure]] 
-* '''[[Mahayana|Mahāyāna Buddhism]]''' - [[Pratītyasamutpāda]] - [[Zen|Zen Buddhism]] - [[Satori]] - [[Kōan]] - [[Mu (no thing)|Mu]] 
-* '''[[Taoism]]''' - [[Wu wei|Wú wéi]] - [[Ziran|Zìrán]] 
-* [[Ziran|'''自然''' (ji nen or shi zen - "spontaneously" - spontaneous nature - "original nature" - "suchness, thusness" - "self-existent" - "so of its own" - 'just so')]] 
-* [[Mu (no thing)|'''無''' (mu - "non-existent" - "non-being" - 'no thing')]]  
-* [[Wu wei|'''無為''' (mu i - "unconditioned" - "do-nothing")]]  
-* [[Mushin|'''無心''' (mu shin - "lacking (defiled) thought" - "empty mind" - "state of detachment")]]  
-* [[Japanese wordplay]] 
-* '''[[List of sustainable agriculture topics]]''' - [[Companion planting]] - [[Beneficial insects]] - [[Green manure]] - [[Soil life]] - [[No-till farming]] - [[Agroecology]] - [[Polyculture]] 
-* [[Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi]] 
-* [[Eiichi Kurosawa]] 
-* [[Makoto Hiura]] 
-* [[Panayiotis Manikis]] 
-* [[Yuko Honma]] 
-* [[Tsunemichi Kurosawa]] 
-* [[Kōji Imaizumi]] 
-* [[Thomas Nelissen]] 
-* [[Partap C. Aggarwal]] 
-* [[Raju Titus]] 
-* [[Giannozzo Pucci]] 
-* [[Punamchand Bapna]] 
-* [[Bhaskar Save]] 
-* [[Yoshikazu Kawaguchi]] 
-* [[Akinori Kimura]] 
-* [[Jim Bones]] 
-* [[Jason Scott Lee]] 
-* [[Chris Pearce (translator)]] 
-* [[The One-Straw Revolution]] 
-* [[Larry Korn]] 
-* [[Wendell Berry]] 
-* [[Michio Kushi]] 
-* [[Maurice Strong]] 
-* [[The Natural Way of Farming]] 
-* [[The Road Back to Nature]] 
-* [[Frederic P. Metreaud]] 
-* [[List of Magsaysay awardees]] 
-* [[Ecosystem restoration]] 
-* [[Rewilding_(conservation_biology)|Re-Wilding]] 
-* [[Reconciliation Ecology]] 
-* [[Emilia Hazelip]] - [[Synergistic gardening]] 
-* [[Frances Moore Lappé]] 
-* [[Ruth Stout]] 
-* [[We_Have_Never_Been_Modern|Latour, Bruno (1993) '''We Have Never Been Modern.''' Harvard University Press.]] 
-{{div col end}} 
- 
-== Notes == 
-{{Reflist|refs= 
-<ref name="Shoushin">Shōshin: a chinese reading of the kanji characters {{nihongo2|正信}}</ref> 
- 
-<ref name="Ult-Dream-Sow-Desert-Recap-One-Straw-Rev">1992 {{nihongo2|総括編-わら一本お革命「神と自然と人の革命」}} 1996 "'''The Ultimatium [sic] of GOD NATURE ''The One-Straw Revolution'' A RECAPITULATION'''" -page 203</ref> 
- 
-<ref name="perfection-humans-One-Straw-Rev">1975 {{nihongo2|わら一本の革命}} 1978 (US edition) "'''[[The One-Straw Revolution]]'''" -page 119 (& page xii Wendell Berry's quote in preface), furthermore a footnote beneath the sentence explains more, quote:  
-: *In this paragraph Mr. Fukuoka is drawing a distinction between techniques undertaken in conscious pursuit of a given objective, and those which arise spontaneously as the expression of a person's harmony with nature as he goes about his daily business, free from the domination of the volitional intellect. 
-</ref> 
- 
-<ref name="Iroha kakumei uta testament publication description">[http://www.mahoroba-jp.net/blog/2009/06/post_508.html {{nihongo3|Iroha Revolutionary Verses|いろは革命歌|iroha kakumei uta|}} Mr. Fukuoka's last creation & testament -webpage describing this creation] (Japanese text only with photos & links) 2009 June post in Mahoroba blog, of natural foods company owned by friend of Mr. Fukuoka & family.</ref> 
- 
-<ref name="NHK appearance 1976">[http://archives.nhk.or.jp/chronicle/B10001200997611230130017/ NHK TV station appearances', 1976 earliest search result] (NHK programs' archive database web page) -an attempted translation of the program summary from that page: 'In Ehime Prefecture central, Dōgo plain's edge, seemingly different from the surrounding rice paddy fields/farms. This farm's/rice-paddy-field's owner is Iyo-shi's Fukuoka Masanobu (62 years old). Without any plowing for 30 years, rice plants grow without either synthetic chemical fertilizers or synthetic agricultural chemicals (pesticides, herbicides, fungicides, etc.). At first glance, rice is fruiting as a victory without a battle, so to sound out what he says.'</ref> 
- 
-<ref name="NHK appearances search results">[http://archives.nhk.or.jp/chronicle/search/?q=福岡正信 NHK TV station appearances' search results] (NHK programs' archive database web page listing).</ref> 
- 
-<ref name="One-Straw-Rev-Recapitulation-satori-Eng-quote">{{nihongo2|総括編-わら一本お革命「神と自然と人の革命」 1992}} "'''The Ultimatium [sic] of GOD NATURE ''The One-Straw Revolution'' A RECAPITULATION'''" 1996 -page 2 -quote:  
-:In an instant I had become a different person. I sensed that, with the clearing of the dawn mist, I had been transformed completely, body and soul. The first words that rose to my lips were, "There is nothing. There really is nothing at all, whether this be the mundane world or God's world." I leaped to my feet in joyful amazement. Just as the saying goes. God had struck me like a bolt from the blue. It is no exaggeration to say that peals of thunder beat against my head and lightning flashed, as the true nature of this world became vividly apparent to me. I was so overcome with powerful emotion that I was reduced to trembling, both in body and in spirit. I shouted for joy, with words that must have been incomprehensible. With all my might I had been grasping at something, foolishly searching for something when there was nothing there at all. The sparkle of the morning dew on the grass, the green of the trees bathed in morning light and trembling with joy, the delightful chatter of the birds gathered in the dawn.... what a wonder it was that I too was able to take my place in this realm of freedom, this world of ecstasy. I literally clapped my hands and stamped my feet in my delight at knowing God, and I was unable to stop trembling. The tempest of emotion that assailed me at that time is indelibly impressed in my mind, its freshness undimmed even today. And yet, I could not expect those feelings to last forever. As I recall, I did not continue long in that state of physical and spiritual ecstasy, bathed in rapture and at the height of bliss. 
-</ref> 
- 
-<ref name="Journeying with Seedballs-Bio">2001 {{nihongo2|わら一本の革命 総括編 —粘土団子の旅—}} Japanese only (a title translate: '''"The One Straw Revolution Recapitulation -Journeying [around Earth] with clay seed balls-"''') -biographical notes on page 271 -quote: "{{nihongo|15 May 1937 Awakening in Yokohama city|昭和12年 5月 15日 横浜に於て開悟 自然農法の道一筋}}" - {{nihongo|awakening; to uncover enlightenment|開悟|kaigo}}</ref> 
- 
-<ref name="Ramon Magsaysay Award-Bio">[http://www.rmaf.org.ph/Awardees/Biography/BiographyFukuokaMas.htm The 1988 Ramon Magsaysay Award for Public Service - "BIOGRAPHY of Masanobu Fukuoka"]</ref> 
- 
-<ref name="Interwoven philosophy & practise-Jamie">[http://groups.yahoo.com/group/fukuoka_farming/message/2252 Interwoven philosophy & practise in the context of 'do-nothing' (Wú wéi), explanation by Jamie (souscayrous)] -Fukuoka_Farming Yahoo Group 2003</ref> 
- 
-<ref name="Spontaneously-DDB">[http://www.buddhism-dict.net/cgi-bin/xpr-ddb.pl?81.xml+id('b81ea-7136') Muller, A. Charles, ed. Digital Dictionary of Buddhism (Edition of 2010 July 31st) page: {{nihongo3|"spontaneously"|自然|shi zen}} meaning: text by "C. Muller: [Basic Meaning:] spontaneously; Senses: Automatically, naturally; of itself, despite effort. The situation of a person having no intention at all towards anybody to even the slightest extent. Existing in freedom without any attachment. [cmuller; source(s): JEBD,Yokoi]; The original nature of things; original nature (Skt. dharma-svabhāva-mudrā). Suchness, thusness 眞如 (Skt. tathatā). The appearance of true reality as it is, or a thing just as it is. [cmuller]; Self-existent (Skt. svayaṃ-bhū); also 自爾; 法爾 self-existing, the self-existent; Brahmā, Viṣṇu, and others. [cmuller; source(s): Soothill]"] -login required, use username=guest password= (without a password) -{{zh|t=自然|p=[[Ziran|zìrán]]}}</ref> 
- 
-<ref name="NATURE FARMING-Xu1">[http://www.ressign.com/UserBookDetail.aspx?bkid=460&catid=140 Hui-Lian Xu (2001) "NATURE FARMING In Japan" Research Signpost, T. C. 37/661(2), Fort Post Office, Trivandrum - 695023, Kerala, India]</ref> 
- 
-<ref name="nature - knowledge--discriminating and non-discriminating">1975 {{nihongo2|わら一本の革命}} 1978 (US edition) "'''[[The One-Straw Revolution]]'''" -page 124, quote:  
-:...human knowledge--discriminating and non-discriminating.** People generally believe that unmistaken recognition of the world is possible through discrimination alone. Therefore, the word "nature" as it is generally spoken, denotes nature as it is perceived by the discriminating intellect. I deny the empty image of nature as created by the human intellect, and clearly distinguish it from nature itself as experienced by non-discriminating understanding. If we eradicate the false conception of nature, I believe the root of the world's disorder will disappear. ..." - the footnote explanation, quote: "**This is a distinction made by many Oriental philosophers. Discriminating knowledge is derived from the analytic, wilful intellect in an attempt to organize experience into a logical framework. ...in this process, the individual sets himself apart from nature. It is the "limited scientific truth and judgement" discussed on pg. 84. Non-discriminating knowledge arises without conscious effort on the part of the individual when experience is accepted as it is, without interpretation of the intellect. While discriminating knowledge is essential for analyzing practical problems in the world, ... ultimately it provides too narrow a perspective. 
-</ref> 
- 
-<ref name="req inseparable principles -Natural way of Farming-quote">1975 {{nihongo2|自然農法-緑の哲学の理論と実践}} 1985 -revised ed. 1987 "'''The Natural Way Of Farming-The Theory and Practice of Green Philosophy'''" -page 171-quote:  
-:One thing is all things. To resolve one matter, one must resolve all matters. Changing one thing changes all things. Once I made the decision to sow rice in the fall, I found that I could also stop transplanting, and plowing, and applying chemical fertilizers, and preparing compost, and spraying pesticides. 
-</ref> 
- 
-<ref name="req inseparable principles-One-Straw-Rev-quote">1975 {{nihongo2|わら一本の革命}} 1978 "'''The One-Straw Revolution'''" -page 40-quote:  
-:These four principles of natural farming (no cultivation, no chemical fertilizer or prepared compost, no weeding by tillage or herbicides, and no dependence on chemicals) comply with the natural order and lead to the replenishment of nature's richness. 
-</ref> 
- 
-<ref name="MuPlowing">1975 {{nihongo2|自然農法-緑の哲学の理論と実践}} 1985 -revised ed. 1987 "'''The Natural Way Of Farming-The Theory and Practice of Green Philosophy'''" -page 103</ref> 
- 
-<ref name="req inseparable principles -One-Straw-Rev-details-start">1975 {{nihongo2|わら一本の革命}} 1978 "'''The One-Straw Revolution'''" -page 33</ref> 
- 
-<ref name="MuFertilzer">1975 {{nihongo2|自然農法-緑の哲学の理論と実践}} 1985 -revised ed. 1987 "'''The Natural Way Of Farming-The Theory and Practice of Green Philosophy'''" -page 106</ref> 
- 
-<ref name="MuWeed-eradication">1975 {{nihongo2|自然農法-緑の哲学の理論と実践}} 1985 -revised ed. 1987 "'''The Natural Way Of Farming-The Theory and Practice of Green Philosophy'''" -page 112</ref> 
- 
-<ref name="kama photos-One-Straw-Rev">1975 {{nihongo2|わら一本の革命}} 1978 (US edition) "'''The One-Straw Revolution'''" {{nihongo3|Japanese sickles-scythes|[[:ja:鎌|鎌]]|[[Kama_(weapon)|kama]]}} having various angled blades & handles -often long-handled for low cutting of grasses, crops or weeds from a standing-walking position - but also short handled for harvesting some kinds of crops or other cutting work -photos on pages 46 (in use but hard to see), 93, 140, 158 & 169</ref> 
- 
-<ref name="MuPestHerbicides">1975 {{nihongo2|自然農法-緑の哲学の理論と実践}} 1985 -revised ed. 1987 "'''The Natural Way Of Farming-The Theory and Practice of Green Philosophy'''" -page 114</ref> 
- 
-<ref name="MuPruning">1975 {{nihongo2|自然農法-緑の哲学の理論と実践}} 1985 -revised ed. 1987 "'''The Natural Way Of Farming-The Theory and Practice of Green Philosophy'''" -page 204</ref> 
- 
-<ref name="Journeying with Seedballs">2001 {{nihongo2|わら一本の革命 総括編 —粘土団子の旅—}} Japanese only (a title translate: '''"The One Straw Revolution Recapitulation -Journeying [around Earth] with clay seed balls-"''')</ref> 
- 
-<ref name="Nature Farmers-India Rishi Keti">[http://www.satavic.org/rishikheti.htm "Natural farming succeeds in Indian village By Partap C Aggarwal" in the 1980s, ] quote:  
-:... Slowly, bit by bit, we found ourselves close to what is called ‘natural farming’, pioneered in Japan by Masanobu Fukuoka. At Rasulia we called it 'rishi kheti' (agriculture of the sages). 
-</ref> 
- 
-<ref name="Nature Farmers-Rishi kheti-Titus' farm-India">[http://groups.yahoo.com/group/fukuoka_farming/message/5591 "Shalini & Raju Titus", MP, India 2006 quote: ]  
-:We are practicing and preaching Natural way of farming based on zero tillage since last 20 years in the name of Rishi kheti. ... ...  
- -Fukuoka_Farming Yahoo! Group 2006</ref> 
- 
-<ref name="Nature Farmers-Greece">[http://www.naturalfarming.eu/ "Natural Farming Centre, Greece"]</ref> 
- 
-<ref name="Nature Farmers-Italy">[http://www.naturalagriculture.eu/ "Natural Farming Italy / Agricoltura naturale"]</ref> 
- 
-<ref name="Nature Farmers-Thailand & SE Asia">[http://www.solutions-site.org/cat11_sol85.htm "Fukuoka Nature Farming ... Fukuoka farming in Thailand and Japan"]</ref> 
- 
-<ref name="Nature Farmers-Afganistan">[http://groups.yahoo.com/group/fukuoka_farming/message/2238 Mr. Fukuoka in Afghanistan], quote:  
-:Mr. Fukuoka is now 91 and on a wheel chair but keeping himself busy going to countries for seeding wherever there is a food shortage. I heard he made a trip to India and Afghanistan last fall.  
- -Fukuoka_farming Yahoo! group 2003</ref> 
- 
-<ref name="mu">[http://www.buddhism-dict.net/cgi-bin/xpr-ddb.pl?71.xml+id('b7121') Muller, A. Charles, ed. Digital Dictionary of Buddhism (edition of 2010 July 31) page: {{nihongo3|"non-existent"|無|mu}} an [[Mu_(negative)|"Oriental natural philosophy"]] {{zh|t=[[:zh:無|無]]|s=无|p=[[Wú_(negative)|wú]]}}] -login required, use username=guest password= (without a password)</ref> 
- 
-<ref name="mui">[http://www.buddhism-dict.net/cgi-bin/xpr-ddb.pl?71.xml+id('b7121-7232') Muller, A. Charles, ed. Digital Dictionary of Buddhism (edition of 2010 July 31st) page: {{nihongo3|"unconditioned"|無為|mui}} an [[Wu_wei|"Oriental natural philosophy"]] meaning: text by "C. Muller (source(s): YBh-Ind) : Uncompounded, uncreated; ... that which is not arisen on the basis of causes and conditions. That which is unconnected with the relationship of cause and effect. Absolutely eternal true reality which transcends arising-changing-cessation. Another name for nirvāṇa or tathatā. This was originally an important technical term in Daoism." -{{zh|t=[[:zh:无为_(道家)|無爲]]|s=[[:zh:无为_(道家)|无为]]|p=[[Wu_wei|Wú wéi]]}} ({{lang-sa|असंस्कृत|asaṃskṛta}} {{bo|t=འདུས་མ་བྱས|w='dus ma byas}})] -login required, use username=guest password= (without a password)</ref> 
- 
-<ref name="hootenfarmer-muikipedia">[http://blog.goo.ne.jp/hootenfarmer/c/9d34008711f228806afefee3c37086f3 hootenfarmer blog, Japan, -mui-kipedia pages], specific Japanese blog about {{nihongo||福岡 正信|Fukuoka Masanobu}}, {{nihongo3|[[Nature_(innate)|Nature]] Farming|[[:ja:自然農法|自然農法]]|shizen nōhō}}, {{nihongo3|[[seed ball|clay seed balls]]|[[:ja:粘土団子|粘土団子]]|nendo dango}}, and more related topics, including recently these linked specific {{nihongo|'mui-kipedia'・...|"ムイ(無為)キペディア・無為の種蒔き百科事典"|mui (mui) kipedia・...}} pages on his specific writings relating {{nihongo||無為|mui}}.</ref> 
- 
-<ref name="nyrb-blog-One-Straw-Rev-review">[http://nyrb.typepad.com/classics/2009/12/tia-the-onestraw-revolution-by-the-reverent-eater.html "TIA: The One-Straw Revolution by the Reverent Eater"] -online blog.</ref> 
- 
-<ref name="mushin">[http://www.buddhism-dict.net/cgi-bin/xpr-ddb.pl?q=無心 Muller, A. Charles, ed. Digital Dictionary of Buddhism (edition of 2010 Nov. 1st) page: {{nihongo3|"lacking (defiled) thought"|無心|mu shin}} an "Oriental natural philosophy" meaning: text by "C. Muller: "[Chan] Without discriminating thought. Without special purpose or aim (Skt. *acetana). Natural, spontaneous. [cmuller]" {{zh|t=無心|p=wúxīn}}] -login required, use username=guest password= (without a password)</ref> 
- 
-<ref name="mu-fun-betsu">[http://www.buddhism-dict.net/cgi-bin/xpr-ddb.pl?71.xml+id('b7121-5206-5225') Muller, A. Charles, ed. Digital Dictionary of Buddhism (edition of 2010 July 31st) page: {{nihongo3|"devoid of discrimination"|無分別|mu fun betsu|extra=Mr. Fukuoka in English-translations': "non-discrimination"}}, an "Oriental natural philosophy" meaning: text by "C. Muller, S. Hodge; (reference(s): Nakamura): Without differentiation, devoid of conceptualizing (Skt. nirvikalpa,avikalpa, vinikalpa; Tib. rnam par rtog pa med pa, rnam par mi rtog pa, mi rtog pa). The function of a state of mind where there is freedom from making distinctions between objects, or between subject and objects, normally considered to be the superior mode of function of the enlightened mind in Mahāyāna Buddhism."] -login required, use username=guest password= (without a password)</ref> 
- 
-<ref name="mui-jinen-DDB">[http://www.buddhism-dict.net/cgi-bin/xpr-ddb.pl?71.xml+id('b7121-7232-81ea-7136') Muller, A. Charles, ed. Digital Dictionary of Buddhism (edition of 2010 Oct. 1st) page: {{nihongo3|unconditioned nature|無為自然|mui jinen/shizen|extra=Mr. Fukuoka's "do-nothing nature"}}-automatically changed to:>{{nihongo2|無爲自然}} (using an older traditional kanji rendering of 為), an "Oriental natural philosophy" meaning: text by "C. Muller; source(s): Nakamura,Soothill (Dictionary References: Bulgyo sajeon754b-36 Bukkyōgo daijiten (Nakamura)1313b Soothill380) Basic Meaning: unconditioned and spontaneous Senses: Causeless and spontaneous, a tr. of ''nivṛtti''. 〔無量壽經 T 360.12.275c12〕 " -{{zh|t=無爲自然|p=wúwéi zìrán}}] -login required, use username=guest password= (without a password)</ref> 
- 
-<ref name="mui-shizen-Kenkyushas-Dict">Kenkyusha's, Tokyo, New Japanese-English Dictionary Fifth ed. 2003 -page 2517 quote:  
-:むいしぜん【無為自然】〔老荘思想の [translation: The thought of Laozi and Zhuangzi]〕 abandoning artifice and (just) being oneself. 
-</ref> 
- 
-<ref name="One-Straw-Rev-Recapitulation-p205">1992 {{nihongo2|総括編-わら一本お革命「神と自然と人の革命」}} 1996 "'''The Ultimatium [sic] of GOD NATURE ''The One-Straw Revolution'' A RECAPITULATION'''" -page 205</ref> 
- 
-<ref name="The Road Back to Nature-p362-3">1984 {{nihongo2|自然に還る}} 1987 "'''The Road Back to Nature-Regaining the Paradise Lost'''" -page 362-3 "Making the Change from Organic to Natural Farming" by a different translator with slightly different wording in this older book, these updated words quoted have the same meaning.</ref> 
- 
-<ref name="Ramon Magsaysay Award-Fukuoka-Cita">[http://www.rmaf.org.ph/Awardees/Citation/CitationFukuokaMas.htm "The 1988 Ramon Magsaysay Award for Public Service - CITATION for Masanobu Fukuoka - Ramon Magsaysay Award Presentation Ceremonies - 31 August 1988, Manila, Philippines"]</ref> 
- 
-<ref name="Asian Nobel Prize-BBC">{{cite news |author=Clare Arthurs |title=Activists share 'Asian Nobel Prize' |url=http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/world/asia-pacific/851034.stm |publisher=[[BBC News]] |date=2000-07-25 |accessdate=2008-02-20 }}</ref> 
- 
-<ref name="Asian Nobel Prize-Phillipine Star">{{cite news |author=Ann Bernadette Corvera |title='03 RAMON MAGSAYSAY AWARDEES: A LEAGUE OF EXTRAORDINARY MEN & WOMEN |url=http://www.newsflash.org/2003/05/si/si001665.htm |publisher=[[Philippine Star]] |date=2003-10-08 |accessdate=2008-02-21 }}</ref> 
- 
-<ref name="Rockefeller-$10000">[http://web.archive.org/web/20030223001409/http://www.rbf.org/ramongrant98.html "Rockefeller Brothers Fund - 1998 Grants made in 1998"]" - "As a contribution toward the publication of a textbook, "Natural Farming - How to Make Clayballs." (2003 archive)</ref> 
- 
-<ref name="Rockefeller-$10000-returned">[http://groups.yahoo.com/group/fukuoka_farming/message/2385 "Fukuoka Returned Rockefeller Grant in 1999"] -quote: "Iearned from Lydia Brown of the Rockefeller Foundation a few minutes ago that although Fukuoka was awarded a Ramon Magsaysay Program for Asian Projects Grant for $10,000 in 1998 to write a textbook on how to make clayballs, he returned the money in December 1999. He said in the letter to the foundation that because of advanced age he was unable to complete the project." -Fukuoka_farming Yahoo! group 2003</ref> 
- 
-<ref name="Japan for Sustainability News-en">[http://www.japanfs.org/en/mailmagazine/newsletter/pages/027813.html "Japanese Farmer-Philosopher Masanobu Fukuoka: Natural Farming Greening the Deserts" Japan for Sustainability Newsletter 2006 May.]</ref> 
- 
-<ref name="Japan for Sustainability News-ja">[http://www.japanfs.org/ja/join/newsletter/pages/027345.html "Japanese Farmer-Philosopher Masanobu Fukuoka: Natural Farming Greening the Deserts" Japan for Sustainability Newsletter 2006 May -Japanese page.]</ref> 
- 
-<ref name="Earth Council Awards Japan 1997 Gov page">[http://www.env.go.jp/press/press.php?serial=23 Earth Council Awards 1997 Japan - Japanese Government Environment department website press release] (Japanese only)</ref> 
- 
-<ref name="93rd celebrations">[http://groups.yahoo.com/group/fukuoka_farming/message/5465 Mr. Fukuoka's 93rd Birthday notice from his associate Michiyo who has visited him regularly] -Fukuoka_Farming Yahoo! Group 2006.</ref> 
- 
-<ref name="World Expo Aichi Japan 2005 appearance">[http://www.expo2005.or.jp/jp/D0/D4/detail/detail_SA0804GB99901.html World Expo Aichi Japan 2005 appearance] -official web page for his session on the 4th of August 2005.</ref> 
- 
-<ref name="NHK TV dialogue at 93">[http://archives.nhk.or.jp/chronicle/B10002200090605080030118/ A translation: 'Mind-times' ~ Religion・Life {{nihongo2|こころの時代~宗教・人生}} television interview between Fukuoka Masanobu and {{nihongo3||金光寿郎|Kanamitsu Toshio}} on the topic: Journey around the world with Clay seed balls ~ 60 years Nature-Farming advancements {{nihongo2|粘土団子、世界の旅~自然農法60年の歩み}} 7th May 2006 on Japanese station NHK]</ref> 
- 
-<ref name="Eulogy with NHK Iroha program video">[http://www.mahoroba-jp.net/blog/2008/08/post_338.html Eulogy page with NHK Iroha dialogue hour-long TV program video copy in 6 segments] (Japanese text only with photos & videos) 2008 August post in Mahoroba blog, of natural foods company owned by friend of Mr. Fukuoka & family.</ref> 
- 
-<ref name="Letter-Obituary-Family-Condolences-many meaningful writings-photos">[http://www.mahoroba-jp.net/about_mahoroba/tayori/oriorino/oriorino200810.htm Diary letter relating with rich meanings Mr. Fukuoka sensei-practitioner's death], of: Obituaries; The all night vigil; Funeral service; Family's condolence messages; Nothingness proof; Family relations; Conclusion; Clay seed balls practise, results and true meaning & purpose; The motion of fate-karma-destiny; The transition between eternal spiritual unconditioned-reality and the vicissitudes of phenomenal-material conditioned karmic-life in the world; and other sections, in this one of Mahoroba Diary's occasional letters.</ref> 
- 
-<ref name="Journeying with Seedballs-1972-publ">2001 {{nihongo2|福岡正信 わら一本の革命 総括編 —粘土団子の旅—}} Japanese only (a title translate: '''"The One Straw Revolution Recapitulation -Journeying [around Earth] with clay seed balls-"''') -his page 266 description, quote:  
-:{{nihongo2|自然哲学の理論とその実践万法である自然農法の栽培万法著した}}  
-(literally: Nature-(spontaneous) philosophy's theories and in-actual-practise all-methods-laws-dharma-ways to-be, Nature-Farming's cultivation all-methods-laws-dharma-ways, written work.)</ref> 
- 
-<ref name="mu-1st-publ">[http://osaka.cool.ne.jp/shojaku/ Kyoto University, Japan, Fukuoka Masanobu Nature Farming research society, Japanese only page by Shōjaku] (Shift-JIS encoding), having extensive collected details about Mr. Fukuoka's life work, nature farming and writings (no translation to English from Japanese yet, sorry). Regarding Mr. Fukuoka's first publication, a Japanese quote:  
-:{{nihongo2|・『無 神の革命』福岡正信著・・・福岡正信さんが昭和22年に自費出版した幻の名著の改訂版、昭和48年発行、『無Ⅰ』の原型}} 
- -"「昭和22年」" means 1947 in English.</ref> 
- 
-<ref name="god's farming-40s book Jean-Claude Catry">[http://groups.yahoo.com/group/fukuoka_farming/message/3763?threaded=1&p=19 "Jean-Claude Catry, 2003 Nov.", quote: ] 
-:i have a copy of his first book written in the 40"s "the god's farming ". it is a dialog between him and a wise men from the mountain ( imaginery i assumed ) 
- -Fukuoka_Farming Yahoo! Group</ref> 
- 
-<ref name="Mu 1-The God Revolution-photo">[http://www.amazon.com/gp/product/images/B000X6K4Y8/ Picture of: Fukuoka Masanobu 1964 "'''Mu 1-The God Revolution'''" translated by [[Alfred_Birnbaum|Alfred Birnbaum]]. Japan.] -from Amazon.com</ref> 
- 
-<ref name="One-Straw-Rev-Recapitulation-Eng-limited-ed">[http://groups.yahoo.com/group/fukuoka_farming/message/3911 Michiyo, associate of Mr. Fukuoka writing, quote: ]  
-:it has never been out in the market, and in my understanding, the total number of the English edition published is less than one hundred. The copies were mainly brought overseas by Fukuoka-san and Honma-san as gifts...  
- -Fukuoka_farming Yahoo! group 2003</ref> 
- 
-<ref name="Japanese Wikipedia biblio">[http://ja.wikipedia.org/wiki/福岡正信#.E8.91.97.E6.9B.B8 福岡正信 Japanese Wikipedia page]</ref> 
- 
-<ref name="BK1 Japanese online bookstore">[http://www.bk1.co.jp/author.asp?authorid=110000845880000 Japanese page from BK1 bookstore listing most of Mr. Fukuoka's books]</ref> 
- 
-<ref name="WebCat Plus ja Fukuoka Masanobu">[http://webcatplus.nii.ac.jp/webcatplus/details/creator/2413836.html WebCat Plus (Japanese) page of 福岡正信 Fukuoka Masanobu's publications, with 40 listings.] (Accessed 2010 Oct. 29) Japanese national extensive publications catalogue (latest technology web 2.0 catalogue). National Institute of Informatics, Japan.</ref> 
- 
-<ref name="One-Straw-Rev-Recapitulation">1992 {{nihongo2|総括編-わら一本お革命「神と自然と人の革命」}} 1996 "'''The Ultimatium [sic] of GOD NATURE ''The One-Straw Revolution'' A RECAPITULATION'''"</ref> 
- 
-<ref name="Journeying with Seedballs-p83">2001 {{nihongo2|わら一本の革命 総括編 —粘土団子の旅—}} Japanese only (a title translate: '''"The One Straw Revolution Recapitulation -Journeying [around Earth] with clay seed balls-"''') -under the heading "「矛盾の誕生'」" on page 83 second column, </ref> 
- 
-<ref name="One-Straw-Rev-Recapitulation-p110">1992 {{nihongo2|総括編-わら一本お革命「神と自然と人の革命」}} 1996 "'''The Ultimatum of GOD NATURE ''The One-Straw Revolution'' A RECAPITULATION'''" - under the heading "The Birth and Expansion of Contradictions" from page 110, top half</ref> 
- 
-<ref name="Mr. Fukuoka news article 2010 Mumbai India">[http://www.dnaindia.com/lifestyle/report_masanobu-fukuoka-the-man-who-did-nothing_1426864 By Malvika Tegta "Masanobu Fukuoka: The man who did nothing"] Daily News and Analysis. Mumbai, India. DNA. Published: Sunday, Aug 22, 2010, 2:59 IST</ref> 
- 
-<ref name="Ferns-uraijiro-koshida">{{nihongo3||裏白|uraijiro|extra=''Gleichenia'' ?''glauca''}} and {{nihongo3||小羊歯|koshida|extra=?''Gleichenia dichotoma''}} 1975 {{nihongo2|自然農法-緑の哲学の理論と実践}} 1985 -revised ed. 1987 "'''The Natural Way Of Farming-The Theory and Practice of Green Philosophy'''" -eg. pages 140 & 277 </ref> 
- 
-<ref name="hootenfarmer">[http://blog.goo.ne.jp/hootenfarmer/ hootenfarmer blog, Japan], -specific Japanese blog about {{nihongo||福岡 正信|Fukuoka Masanobu}}, {{nihongo3|[[Nature_(innate)|Nature]] Farming|[[:ja:自然農法|自然農法]]|shizen nōhō}}, {{nihongo3|[[seed ball|clay seed balls]]|[[:ja:粘土団子|粘土団子]]|nendo dango}}, and more related topics, including recently 'mui-kipedia' pages on his specific writings on {{nihongo||無為|mui}}.</ref> 
- 
-<ref name="Mr-Fukuokas-life-sons-farm-still-thriving-2004">[http://s-osaka.coop/modules/bulletin/index.php?page=article&storyid=8 Esu Coop Osaka exchange visit to Mr. Fukuoka's son's nature farm (blog page posted Dec. 2004) ] -includes great photos of the farm having interesting and helpful captions' text, eg. Mr. Fukuoka at 91; the Ama-Natsu-Mikan and their orchard; Daikon radishes growing in the Ama-Natsu-Mikan orchard; a current serious pest problem of white spotted longicorn beetle; Family, young people and employees working there and nearby; A ginko orchard part of the larger whole orchard, etc.</ref> 
- 
-<ref name="Mr-Fukuokas-life-farming-sons-farm-now-2007">[http://www.cosmo-oil.co.jp/terre/12/02-03.html {{nihongo title|Japan's nature model farming for more than 30 years... "Straw One-stalk's Revolution" Fukuoka Masanobu|"日本の自然型農業を30年以上進ませた「わら一本の革命」Fukuoka Masanobu"}} ] TERRE issue No. 12 2007 -"environmental culture magazine", by Cosmo Oil (Japanese Oil Refining Company) -their own English description of their TERRE magazine, quote: "We actively present our message based on the concept of “thinking about the environment through people, seeing people through the environment.” This enables us to consider the environment and to take action together with even more people."</ref> 
- 
-<ref name="Mahoroba-blog-Elder-Fukuoka-story">[http://www.mahoroba-jp.net/about_mahoroba/tayori/oriorino/oriorino200802.htm Elder Mr. Fukuoka meeting again with owner of Mahoroba Natural Foods store], with many details, as at 2008 Feb., including of Mr. Fukuoka's advanced age condition; the condition & running by his Son & his Wife of the Nature Farm, and so on.</ref> 
- 
-<ref name="Fukuokas-sons-farm-still-thriving-msg1">[http://groups.yahoo.com/group/fukuoka_farming/message/10964 Brian Ohkubo Covert's recent 2010 visit and work in Mr. Fukuoka's farm now his son's farm.] -1st message -Fukuoka_farming Yahoo! group 2010</ref> 
- 
-<ref name="Fukuokas-sons-farm-still-thriving-msg2">[http://groups.yahoo.com/group/fukuoka_farming/message/10978 Brian Ohkubo Covert's recent 2010 visit and work in Mr. Fukuoka's farm now his son's farm.] -2nd message, clarifying further -Fukuoka_farming Yahoo! group 2010</ref> 
-}} 
- 
-== References == 
-* 1947 {{nihongo3||無-神の革命|mu: kami no kakumei}}; First edition self-published in 1947 and again self-published in 1973 as {{nihongo3||無 I-神の革命|mu I: kami no kakumei}}, 280pp., 21cm; New publishing by {{nihongo3||[[:ja:春秋社|春秋社]]|Shunjūsha}} in 1985 July ISBN 978-4393741115 and again in 2004 Aug. ISBN 978-4393741436; ({{nihongo|Religion (volume)|宗教編|shūkyō hen}}). 
-**1964? "'''Mu 1-The God Revolution'''" translated by Alfred Birnbaum?. Japan. -see note 30 above for a link to a full translation of "mu" (any one English phrase, like 'no thing', doesn't do it justice). 
-* 1958 {{nihongo3||百姓夜話・「付」自然農法|hyakushō yawa・「fu*」shizen nōhō}}; Self-published in 1958 Oct., 191 pp., 21 cm; - *{{nihongo3||付|fu}}-the buddhist reading of the character, see the Digital Dictionary of Buddhism. 
-**(Title translation only:) '''A common-farmer evening-story・(to attach/deliver/hand down) nature farming'''. In Japanese only, not translated (yet). 
-* 1972 {{nihongo3||無-自然農法|mu: shizen nōhō}} - first edition self-published in 1972. Publication issued by {{nihongo3||[[:ja:春秋社|春秋社]]|Shunjūsha}} in 1985 Oct. as {{nihongo3||無 III-自然農法|mu III: shizen nōhō}} ISBN 978-4393741139 and again in 2004 Sept. ISBN 978-4393741450; ({{nihongo|Doing-practise (volume)|実践編|jissen hen}}). 
-**(Title translation only:) '''mu 3: Nature Farming'''. In Japanese only, not translated (yet). -see note 30 above for a link to a full translation of "mu" (any one English phrase, like 'no thing', doesn't do it justice). 
-* 1972 {{nihongo3||緑の哲学-自然農法と理論と実際|midori no tetsugaku - shizen nōhō to riron to jissai}}; Self-published, 359 pp. ISBN? 
-**(Title translation only:) '''Green philosophy: Nature Farming theory and practice'''. In Japanese only, not translated (yet). 
-* 1975 {{nihongo3||自然農法-わら一本の革命|shizen nōhō-wara ippon no kakumei}}; Published by {{nihongo3||柏樹社|Hakujusha}} Co., Ltd., Tokyo, Japan ISBN?; New pubishing by {{nihongo3||[[:ja:春秋社|春秋社]]|Shunjūsha}} in 1983 May ISBN 978-4393741030 and again in 2004 Aug. ISBN 978-4393741412. 
-**1978 "'''[[The One-Straw Revolution]]'''" translated by Chris Pearce, {{nihongo|Tsune Kurosawa|黒澤常道|Kurosawa Tsunemichi}} & Larry Korn. English preface by Wendell Berry. Rodale Press, USA. ISBN 978-0878572205. 
-**2009 "'''[[The One-Straw Revolution]]'''" translated by Chris Pearce, {{nihongo|Tsune Kurosawa|黒澤常道|Kurosawa Tsunemichi}} & Larry Korn. English preface by Wendell Berry. 30 year anniversary new publishing. New introduction by Frances Moore Lappé. New York Review Books USA. ISBN 978-1590173138. 
-* 1975 {{nihongo3||自然農法-緑の哲学の理論と実践|shizen nōhō-midori no tetsugaku no riron to jissen}}; Published by {{nihongo3|Jiji Press Co.|時事通信社|Jiji tsūshinsha}}, Tōkyō, in 1975 Dec., 310pp. ISBN 978-4788776265. 
-**1985 "'''The Natural Way Of Farming-The Theory and Practice of Green Philosophy'''" translated by Frederic P. Metreaud; Japan Publications. ISBN 978-0870406133. 
-* 1984 {{nihongo3||自然に還る|shizen ni kaeru}}; Published by {{nihongo3||[[:ja:春秋社|春秋社]]|Shunjūsha}}, 362 pp., in 1984 Aug. ISBN 978-4393741047; An enlarged and revised edition, 458 pp., in 1993 April ISBN 978-4393741146; Re-published in 2004 Sept. ISBN 978-4393741467. 
-**1987 "'''The Road Back to Nature-Regaining the Paradise Lost'''" translated by Frederic P. Metreaud; Japan Publications, first edition 1987 Aug. ISBN 978-0870406737. 
-* 1985 {{nihongo3||無 II-無の哲学|mu II: mu no tetsugaku}}; Published by {{nihongo3||[[:ja:春秋社|春秋社]]|Shunjūsha}} in 1985 July ISBN 978-4393741122 and again in 2004 Sept. ISBN 978-4393741443; ({{nihongo|Philosophy (volume)|哲学編|tetsugaku hen}}). 
-**(Title translation only:) '''mu 2: mu philosophy'''; In Japanese only, not translated (yet). -see note 30 above for a link to a full translation of "mu" (any one English phrase, like 'no thing', doesn't do it justice). 
-* 1992 {{nihongo3||わら一本お革命・総括編 「神と自然と人と革命」|wara ippon no kakumei・sōkatsuhen 「kami to shizen to hito no kakumei」}}; Self-published by {{nihongo3||自然樹園 (小心舎)|Shizenjuen (Shou Shin Sha)|extra=One of Mr. Fukuoka's own self-publishing-publisher-names}} in 1992 Dec., 230 pp., 26×26cm ISBN 978-4938743017; ISBN 4938743019. 
-**1996 "'''The Ultimatium [sic] of GOD NATURE ''The One-Straw Revolution'' A RECAPITULATION'''" -Mr. Fukuoka himself commissioned English-retranslation and printing in an extremely limited edition, less than 100 copies, no ISBN, printed by the author hence the publisher name is, quote: "S h o u S h i n S h a (小心舎)". 
-* 1997 {{nihongo3||「自然」を生きる|"shizen" o ikiru}}, includes an interview with {{nihongo3||金光寿郎|Kanamitsu Toshio}}; Published by {{nihongo3||[[:ja:春秋社|春秋社]]|Shunjūsha}} in 1997 Feb. ISBN 978-4393741153 and again in 2004 Aug. ISBN 978-4393741474. 
-**(Title translation attempt only:) '''A "Spontaneous/Natural/Nature" Life'''. In Japanese only, not translated (yet). 
-* 2001 {{nihongo3||わら一本の革命 総括編 —粘土団子の旅—|wara ippon no kakumei sōkatsuhen -nendo dango no tabi-}}; Self-published by {{nihongo3||自然樹園 (小心舎)|Shizenjuen (Shou Shin Sha)|extra=One of Mr. Fukuoka's own self-publishing-publisher-names}} in 2001 May, hundreds of captioned photographs from his farm and travels all around Earth, reproduced drawings & diagrams, and a full book of text pages also, 271 pp., A4 30x21cm, ISBN 978-4938743024; ISBN 4938743027; Re-published in 2010 April by {{nihongo3||[[:ja:春秋社|春秋社]]|Shunjūsha}} ISBN 978-4393741511. 
-**(Title translation only:) '''The One Straw Revolution Recapitulation -Journeying [around Earth] with clay seed balls-'''. In Japanese only, not translated (yet). 
-* 2009 {{nihongo3|Iroha Revolutionary Verses|'''いろは革命歌'''|iroha kakumei uta}}, Mr. Fukuoka's hand-written classical song-verses and drawings, in pen & ink, also with photographs (one card each for 47 syllables), arranged in the classical [[iroha]]-order of Japanese syllables; Includes a booklet with Mr. Fukuoka's introduction and list of life accomplishments, together with the song booklet; In Japanese, bilingually with English-translations - created with many translators/contributors; 53 pages, size: 15×10cm; His last creation and testament; Posthumously self-published on 2009 Feb. 2nd (by 自然樹園 (小心舎); 正信自然農法による地球緑化の会 (発売)) ISBN 978-4938743031; ISBN 4938743035. 
-* Hui-Lian Xu (2001) "NATURE FARMING In Japan" Research Signpost, T. C. 37/661(2), Fort Post Office, Trivandrum - 695023, Kerala, India. 
-* Hui-Lian Xu (2001) "Nature Farming: History, Principles and Perspectives" Journal of Crop Production, Volume 3, Issue 1, pages 1 - 10. 
- 
-==External links== 
-* [http://www.rmaf.org.ph/Awardees/Biography/BiographyFukuokaMas.htm The 1988 Ramon Magsaysay Award for Public Service - "BIOGRAPHY of Masanobu Fukuoka"] 
-* [http://osaka.cool.ne.jp/shojaku/ "Kyoto University, Japan, Fukuoka Masanobu Nature Farming research society", Japanese only page by Shojaku] (Shift-JIS Japanese text character encoding), with extensive collected details about Mr. Fukuoka's life work, nature farming and writings (sorry no translation to English from Japanese yet).  
-* [http://groups.yahoo.com/group/fukuoka_farming/ "The Fukuoka Farming Mailing List...created to discuss Masanobu Fukuoka's revolutionary method of natural farming."] Members, some active contributors, include some of the world's best practitioners, according to Mr. Fukuoka's own documented assessments. - "... Discussion of Fukuoka's books, ongoing projects in Fukuoka Farming, creating and dispersing seed balls, and anything else to do with Masanobu Fukuoka, his life and work are all encouraged. This list was primarily created as a place for people interested in Fukuoka's methods to network and share resources. Let's help change the way people think about growing food." (-quote of the group description, - Yahoo! "fukuoka_farming" discussion group, with 1715 members, as when accessed 2010 Nov. 15th). 
-* [http://www.archive.org/search.php?query=subject%3A%22Masanobu+Fukuoka%22 Mr Fukuoka practising, in videos; Text of a 1982 interview with Larry Korn; and audio of Larry Korn interviewed on radio about Mr. Fukuoka & the book "One-Straw Revolution" -collected together on Internet Archive] - Generally of a high quality, compared with much internet & public comment about Mr. Fukuoka.  
-* [http://www.soilandhealth.org/01aglibrary/01aglibwelcome.html "The Natural Way of Farming" and previously "The One Straw Revolution"] (Two of Mr. Fukuoka's books are available from this virtual library) 
-* [http://www.naturalfarming.eu/ Natural Farming Centre, Greece] 
-* [http://www.naturalagriculture.eu/ Natural Farming Italy / Agricoltura naturale] 
-* [http://web.archive.org/web/20060413224615/www.seedballs.com/gmmfpa.html "ON A GREEN MOUNTAIN - With Masanobu Fukuoka Sensei of Natural Farming -Copyright (c)1995 Jim Bones"] His wonderful visit in "Masanobu Fukuoka sensei's" farm & garden Oct. 1994 (2006 archive) 
-* [http://gandhifoundation.org/2009/12/27/masanobu-fukuoka-and-natural-farming-by-m-r-rajagopalan/ Gandhi Foundation on the life of "Masanobu Fukuoka and Natural Farming December 27, 2009"] 
-* [http://web.archive.org/web/20060411200531/www.seedballs.com/3seedpa.html Making Seed Balls, by Jim Bones] He visited and learned personally from Mr. Fukuoka and from his books. (2006 archive) 
-* [http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=A4-bwW8PWI0 "Seed Balls by Masanobu Fukuoka 1997" YouTube 18:43 long video, caption: "Natural Farmer Masanobu Fukuoka conducts a workshop for making seed balls at his natural farm and forest in Japan." uploaded by Jim Bones] He visited and learned personally from Mr. Fukuoka. 
-* [http://www.farmingsolutions.org/successtories/stories.asp?id=97 Mr. Fukuoka's influence in principles in humid tropical agriculture, titled: "The Five Principles of Agriculture "] - abstract: "No-Till Permanent Bed Farming - Our 12-year odyssey of discovery led us to conclude something we should have guessed all along. In order for humid tropical agriculture to be both highly productive and sustainable, it must imitate the highly productive, millions-of-years-old humid tropical forest. Roland Bunch, COSECHA, Honduras." (farmingsolutions.org website accessed 2010 Nov. 22). 
-* [http://www.motherearthnews.com/library/1982_July_August/The_Plowboy_Interview__Masanobu_Fukuoka July 1982 Plowboy Interview] (Summarizes The One-Straw Revolution) 
-* [http://www.lifepositive.com/body/nature/fukuoka-organicfarming.asp "An article on the pioneer of organic farming, Masanobu Fukuoka: Nature - Nature knows best" Life Positive, India.] 
-* [http://scholar.google.co.jp/scholar?q=Natural+Agriculture++Fukuoka+Masanobu Some academic articles: "Natural Agriculture Fukuoka Masanobu" - Google Scholar search] 
-* [http://web.archive.org/web/*/http://fukuokafarmingol.info "The Fukuoka Farming Website", USA.] (Internet Archive search) "Dedicated to exploring Mr. Fukuoka's method of sustainable agriculture" 
- 
-{{Persondata <!-- Metadata: see [[Wikipedia:Persondata]]. --> 
-| NAME = Fukuoka Masanobu 
-| ALTERNATIVE NAMES = Fukuoka Shōshin 
-| SHORT DESCRIPTION = 
-| DATE OF BIRTH = February 2, 1913 
-| PLACE OF BIRTH = Iyo, Ehime Prefecture, Japan 
-| DATE OF DEATH = August 16, 2008 
-| PLACE OF DEATH = 
-}} 
-{{DEFAULTSORT:Fukuoka Masanobu}} 
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