Masanobu Fukuoka

From Greenlivingpedia, a wiki on green living, building and energy

(Difference between revisions)
Jump to: navigation, search
Revision as of 07:13, 22 November 2010 (edit)
Macropneuma (Talk | contribs)
(New page - i've written this work on en.wikipedia.org, relevant!, and have overhauled nearly all of the content of the page written by other people & myself since 2006. Lacks templates!!!!!!!)
← Previous diff
Revision as of 07:21, 22 November 2010 (edit) (undo)
Macropneuma (Talk | contribs)
(External links - Add attribution, from Wikipedia (where i've done a lot of writting of this page).)
Next diff →
Line 811: Line 811:
* [http://web.archive.org/web/*/http://fukuokafarmingol.info "The Fukuoka Farming Website", USA.] (Internet Archive search) "Dedicated to exploring Mr. Fukuoka's method of sustainable agriculture" * [http://web.archive.org/web/*/http://fukuokafarmingol.info "The Fukuoka Farming Website", USA.] (Internet Archive search) "Dedicated to exploring Mr. Fukuoka's method of sustainable agriculture"
-{{Persondata <!-- Metadata: see [[Wikipedia:Persondata]]. -->+{{attrib Wikipedia|http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Masanobu_Fukuoka|Masanobu Fukuoka|2010 Nov. 22}}
-| NAME = Fukuoka Masanobu+ 
-| ALTERNATIVE NAMES = Fukuoka Shōshin+
-| SHORT DESCRIPTION =+
-| DATE OF BIRTH = February 2, 1913+
-| PLACE OF BIRTH = Iyo, Ehime Prefecture, Japan+
-| DATE OF DEATH = August 16, 2008+
-| PLACE OF DEATH =+
-}}+
{{DEFAULTSORT:Fukuoka Masanobu}} {{DEFAULTSORT:Fukuoka Masanobu}}
[[Category:Nature farming]] [[Category:Nature farming]]

Revision as of 07:21, 22 November 2010

{{

 #if: Masanobu Fukuoka | Masanobu Fukuoka | {{
   #if: Fukuoka Masanobu, Fukuoka Shōshin[1] | Fukuoka Masanobu, Fukuoka Shōshin[1]
 }}

}}{{

 #if: 福岡 正信{{
   #if: Masanobu Fukuoka | Fukuoka Masanobu, Fukuoka Shōshin[1]
 }} |  (

}}{{

 #if: 福岡 正信 | 福岡 正信

}}{{

 #if: Masanobu Fukuoka | {{
   #if: Fukuoka Masanobu, Fukuoka Shōshin[1] | {{
     #if: 福岡 正信 |  
   }}Fukuoka Masanobu, Fukuoka Shōshin[1]
 }}

}}{{

 #if: 福岡 正信 |?

}}{{

 #if:   | {{
   #if: {{
     #if: Fukuoka Masanobu, Fukuoka Shōshin[1]| Masanobu Fukuoka
   }}福岡 正信 |,
 }} {{{4}}} 

}}{{

 #if: 福岡 正信{{
   #if: Masanobu Fukuoka | Fukuoka Masanobu, Fukuoka Shōshin[1]
 }} | )

}}{{

 #if:   |  {{{5}}} 

}}{{#ifeq:||}} (February 2, 1913 – August 16, 2008), Japanese natural-philosopher-farmer, {{

 #if: educator | educator | {{
   #if: sensei | sensei
 }}

}}{{

 #if: 先生{{
   #if: educator | sensei
 }} |  (

}}{{

 #if: 先生 | 先生

}}{{

 #if: educator | {{
   #if: sensei | {{
     #if: 先生 |  
   }}sensei
 }}

}}{{

 #if: 先生 |?

}}{{

 #if:   | {{
   #if: {{
     #if: sensei| educator
   }}先生 |,
 }} {{{4}}} 

}}{{

 #if: 先生{{
   #if: educator | sensei
 }} | )

}}{{

 #if:   |  {{{5}}} 

}}{{#ifeq:||}}, writer, naturalist, artist-drawer, poet, researcher and professional biological scientist early in working life, and overall a polymath.

Template:Cquote

Template:Cquote

These quotations of his ultimate dream & goal, philosophical or spiritual kinds of goal, in other words meta-physical kinds, not only physical nor material kinds of goal, distinguishes his practise as ultimately "Green...Oriental natural philosophy", and distinguishes him as an "Oriental natural" philosopher, instead of as only a commercial or materialist farmer.

Pioneer of modern-day no-till grain cultivation, among various pioneersTemplate:Citation needed. More generally Mr. Fukuoka's systems, commonly in English, get referred to as "The Natural Way of Farming" or Natural Farming, Do Nothing Farming, Fukuoka Farming, or the Fukuoka Method.

Creator in Japanese, of more than ten books, of scientific papers, essays, poetry, lectures, television appearances & interviews, patents and the Iroha song-verses[4]. Published scientific papers at least as early as 1937, books at least as early as one self-published in 1947, and the apparent next one, better known in 1958. Television appearances on NHK (national public broadcaster of Japan) at least as early as 1976[5], and at least 13 appearances recorded from 1976 onwards[6]. Of his Japanese books at least five have published translations to English. Of his Japanese books having a translation to English, at least three of those and some more of his books not yet translated to English, have some translations to languages including: Greek, several Indian (& subcontinent) languages: Malayalam Marathi Gujarati Telugu Bengali Hindi Tamil, French, Italian, German, Thai, Spanish, Catalan, Philippines-Tagalog, Chinese, Serbian, Croatian, Turkish, Korean, Russian, etc.

Contents

Life

Trained as a microbiologist in his native Japan, he began his career as a soil scientist and in specializing in plant pathology. At age 25 "In an instant I had become a different person "[7]; experiencing liberation from impediments to reaching enlightenment[8][9] and then therefore profound doubt of modern 'Western' agricultural-science. He resigned from his job as a research scientist, and returned to his family's farm on the island of Shikoku in southern Japan to demonstrate his enlightenment experience in practise by its implementation on his family farm, initially with some of his father's organic Citrus orchard. From that point on he devoted his life to expressing his enlightenment experience, including farming (systems) interwoven inside practical philosophy[10] in doing Template:Nihongo3 nature farming. Nature Farming more correctly translates his Japanese into English[11][12][13], deftly also titled natural, "do-nothing", Wú wéi, "no-action" or 'not doing' farming.

Mr. Fukuoka defined his farming systems' practises according to required inseparable principles[14][15] based on evidence, disproving 'Western' agricultural science conventions:

He devoted his life to expressing his enlightenment experience more widely by reseeding ecosystems into areas of man-made deserts, and teaching thousands of people including farmers & children in many places around Earth, in India, U.S.A., Nepal, Africa including: Somalia, Tanzania, Kenya, Greece, France, Thailand, Phillippines, Vietnam, Spain, Italy, Austria, Holland, Germany, Switzerland, China, Afghanistan, and so on. [23] [24] [25] [26] [9] [27] [28] [29]

The timing and circumstances of Mr. Fukuoka's going beyond modern 'Western' agricultural science, parallels the new movement in the 1940s to organic farming and gardening in Europe and the US, led by pioneers like Lady Eve Balfour, Sir Albert Howard, Ruth Stout, and J.I. Rodale (founder of Rodale Press).

Mr. Fukuoka distinctively defines nature farming from organic farming or 'permaculture' by his practises according to required inseparable principles[14][15] (detailed above); These, his required inseparable principles in turn arise at their "core" from following "the road back to nature, bearing in mind an Oriental natural philosophy" {{

 #if:  |  | {{
   #if: mu | mu
 }}

}}{{

 #if: 無{{
   #if:  | mu
 }} |  (

}}{{

 #if: 無 | 

}}{{

 #if:  | {{
   #if: mu | {{
     #if: 無 |  
   }}mu
 }}

}}{{

 #if: 無 |?

}}{{

 #if:   | {{
   #if: {{
     #if: mu| 
   }}無 |,
 }} {{{4}}} 

}}{{

 #if: 無{{
   #if:  | mu
 }} | )

}}{{

 #if:   |  {{{5}}} 

}}{{#ifeq:||}}[30] & {{

 #if:  |  | {{
   #if: mui | mui
 }}

}}{{

 #if: 無為{{
   #if:  | mui
 }} |  (

}}{{

 #if: 無為 | 無為

}}{{

 #if:  | {{
   #if: mui | {{
     #if: 無為 |  
   }}mui
 }}

}}{{

 #if: 無為 |?

}}{{

 #if:   | {{
   #if: {{
     #if: mui| 
   }}無為 |,
 }} {{{4}}} 

}}{{

 #if: 無為{{
   #if:  | mui
 }} | )

}}{{

 #if:   |  {{{5}}} 

}}{{#ifeq:||}}[31][32] (Template:Zh), described in his English translation below:


The Ultimatum of GOD NATURE The One-Straw Revolution A RECAPITULATION

...

PART 2 THE ROAD TO NATURAL FARMING [page 197]

...

D. From Organic Farming to Natural Farming [page 205]

In the future, American agriculture will probably grow even larger on business capital, but on the other hand, people who are inclined to using natural methods will probably progress from organic to natural farming.<p/> <p>The problem, however, is that the distinction between organic and natural farming is still not generally understood. Of course, scientific farming and organic farming are not that different, and fundamentally both can be called scientific. Consequently, the boundary between them is unclear.<p/> <p>The major objective of the international conference I attended on this visit to the U.S. was to assess the current world situation and to determine in which direction to move in the future. In more concrete terms, the goal was to examine how various farming methods now being practised, such as permaculture, organic farming, and other methods based on new ideas, relate to each other and to what extent they can act in concert.<p/> <p>I may just be feathering my own nest, but as far as I can see, the only way is to follow the road back to nature, bearing in mind an Oriental natural philosophy. I believe that in doing this, we will establish techniques that go beyond our present technology. Although this philosophy still takes various forms and names, it is clear that the thought underlying it is my "Green Philosophy" as I described it in The One-Straw Revolution.<p/> <p>It is fine to turn gradually from organic farming onto the road that leads to anti-scientific farming. It is fine to set our sights on farming that perpetuates itself infinitely and on a return to nature, even while enjoying life on a designed farm. But these must not end up as microscopic techniques and should not be used as temporary fads. Even though we have these at our command, at the core there must be a natural philosophy, in order to establish a farming method that will become the great principle of an agriculture that continues infinitely.<p/> [33] [34] </blockquote> — 1992 Template:Nihongo2 translated 1996 The Ultimatum of GOD NATURE The One-Straw Revolution A RECAPITULATION -page 205
— 1984 Template:Nihongo2 translated 1987 The Road Back to Nature-Regaining the Paradise Lost -older version of this quote, pages 362-3 Mr. Fukuoka received "The Deshikottam Award, India's most prestigious award" from the hands of then Indian Prime Minister Rajiv Gandhi[25][9][35][36] in 1988. In 1991 during his second visit to India, Mr. Fukuoka talked with then Prime Minister Narasimha Rao, who came to Prime Ministership after Prime Minister Rajiv Gandhi was assassinated. Also in 1988, Mr. Fukuoka received the "Ramon Magsaysay Award for Public Service"[37], often considered Asia's Nobel Prize[38][39] : Template:Cquote In 1998 he received an associated US$10,000 grant from the Rockefeller Brothers Fund[40], who established the annual award in 1957 with an endowment to the Ramon Magsaysay Award Foundation. The grant was a contribution toward the publication of a textbook, "Natural Farming - How to Make Clayballs."[40], which he didn't proceed with "because of advanced age", returning the grant in 1999[41]. At the 1997 Earth Summit+5 (Rio+5) forum, 13-19th March in Rio de Janeiro, it was decided to award Mr. Fukuoka the Earth Council Award, received in person at a ceremony in Tokyo on the 26th May[42], it "honours politicians, business persons, scholars, and non-governmental organizations for their contributions to sustainable development."[35][36] At age 92, Mr. Fukuoka continued to lecture when he could, such as at World Expo 2005 in Aichi Prefecture, Japan[43]. Futhermore February 2nd 2006 for Mr. Fukuoka's 93rd birthday: "some friends are celebrating in Tokyo with his video message."[44] Futhermore May 7th 2006, at age 93 elder Mr. Fukuoka gave a fine hour-long dialogue with {{ #if: | | {{ #if: Kanamitsu Toshio | Kanamitsu Toshio }} }}{{ #if: 金光寿郎{{ #if: | Kanamitsu Toshio }} | ( }}{{ #if: 金光寿郎 | 金光寿郎 }}{{ #if: | {{ #if: Kanamitsu Toshio | {{ #if: 金光寿郎 | }}Kanamitsu Toshio }} }}{{ #if: 金光寿郎 |? }}{{ #if: | {{ #if: {{ #if: Kanamitsu Toshio| }}金光寿郎 |, }} {{{4}}} }}{{ #if: 金光寿郎{{ #if: | Kanamitsu Toshio }} | ) }}{{ #if: | {{{5}}} }}{{#ifeq:||}}, including extensively discussing & explaining his Iroha song-verses[4], on Japanese television station NHK[45][46]. Template:Nihongo3 died on August 16th, 2008, at the age of 95. [46][47]

Curriculum Vitae in brief

 #if: Matsuyama Junior High School | Matsuyama Junior High School | {{
   #if:  | {{{3}}}
 }}

}}{{

 #if: 松山中学{{
   #if: Matsuyama Junior High School | 
 }} |  (

}}{{

 #if: 松山中学 | 松山中学

}}{{

 #if: Matsuyama Junior High School | {{
   #if:  | {{
     #if: 松山中学 |  
   }}{{{3}}}
 }}

}}{{

 #if: 松山中学 |?

}}{{

 #if:   | {{
   #if: {{
     #if: | Matsuyama Junior High School
   }}松山中学 |,
 }} {{{4}}} 

}}{{

 #if: 松山中学{{
   #if: Matsuyama Junior High School | 
 }} | )

}}{{

 #if:   |  {{{5}}} 

}}{{#ifeq:||}} graduation.

 #if: Agricultural College (High School-University) | Agricultural College (High School-University) | {{
   #if:  | {{{3}}}
 }}

}}{{

 #if: 高農農学科{{
   #if: Agricultural College (High School-University) | 
 }} |  (

}}{{

 #if: 高農農学科 | 高農農学科

}}{{

 #if: Agricultural College (High School-University) | {{
   #if:  | {{
     #if: 高農農学科 |  
   }}{{{3}}}
 }}

}}{{

 #if: 高農農学科 |?

}}{{

 #if:   | {{
   #if: {{
     #if: | Agricultural College (High School-University)
   }}高農農学科 |,
 }} {{{4}}} 

}}{{

 #if: 高農農学科{{
   #if: Agricultural College (High School-University) | 
 }} | )

}}{{

 #if:   |  {{{5}}} 

}}{{#ifeq:||}} graduation, was a student under tuition of eminent Professor Makoto Hiura.

  • 1934 - {{
 #if: Yokohama Customs  Bureau, Plant Inspection Division | Yokohama Customs  Bureau, Plant Inspection Division | {{
   #if:  | {{{3}}}
 }}

}}{{

 #if: 横浜税関植物検査課{{
   #if: Yokohama Customs  Bureau, Plant Inspection Division | 
 }} |  (

}}{{

 #if: 横浜税関植物検査課 | 横浜税関植物検査課

}}{{

 #if: Yokohama Customs  Bureau, Plant Inspection Division | {{
   #if:  | {{
     #if: 横浜税関植物検査課 |  
   }}{{{3}}}
 }}

}}{{

 #if: 横浜税関植物検査課 |?

}}{{

 #if:   | {{
   #if: {{
     #if: | Yokohama Customs  Bureau, Plant Inspection Division
   }}横浜税関植物検査課 |,
 }} {{{4}}} 

}}{{

 #if: 横浜税関植物検査課{{
   #if: Yokohama Customs  Bureau, Plant Inspection Division | 
 }} | )

}}{{

 #if:   |  {{{5}}} 

}}{{#ifeq:||}} work career, under the supervision of Professor Eiichi Kurosawa, pathology researcher, renowned for being the first person to isolate gibberellin (plant hormone) - with many significant implications; Mr. Fukuoka regarded Professor Kurosawa as his father.

  • 1937 - May Spring - Enlightenment experience; Next day resigned, from Yokohama Customs Bureau; Many dialogues trying expressing his enlightenment experience, meditation, wandering -western Japan, Yufuin outside Beppu -Kyūshū (island) southern Japan.
  • 1938 - Spring - Return to the family farm to take up farming. Initiating {{
 #if: Nature Farming | Nature Farming | {{
   #if:  | {{{3}}}
 }}

}}{{

 #if: 自然農法{{
   #if: Nature Farming | 
 }} |  (

}}{{

 #if: 自然農法 | 自然農法

}}{{

 #if: Nature Farming | {{
   #if:  | {{
     #if: 自然農法 |  
   }}{{{3}}}
 }}

}}{{

 #if: 自然農法 |?

}}{{

 #if:   | {{
   #if: {{
     #if: | Nature Farming
   }}自然農法 |,
 }} {{{4}}} 

}}{{

 #if: 自然農法{{
   #if: Nature Farming | 
 }} | )

}}{{

 #if:   |  {{{5}}} 

}}{{#ifeq:||}}. End-up after only a short time due to ensuing War.

 #if: agricultural experiment station | agricultural experiment station | {{
   #if:  | {{{3}}}
 }}

}}{{

 #if: 農業試験場{{
   #if: agricultural experiment station | 
 }} |  (

}}{{

 #if: 農業試験場 | 農業試験場

}}{{

 #if: agricultural experiment station | {{
   #if:  | {{
     #if: 農業試験場 |  
   }}{{{3}}}
 }}

}}{{

 #if: 農業試験場 |?

}}{{

 #if:   | {{
   #if: {{
     #if: | agricultural experiment station
   }}農業試験場 |,
 }} {{{4}}} 

}}{{

 #if: 農業試験場{{
   #if: agricultural experiment station | 
 }} | )

}}{{

 #if:   |  {{{5}}} 

}}{{#ifeq:||}} work including farming research & food-production.

  • 1940 - Spring - Married Ayako, together having five children over successive years.
  • 1947 - End of the war; Taking up farming again - {{
 #if: Nature Farming | Nature Farming | {{
   #if:  | {{{3}}}
 }}

}}{{

 #if: 自然農法{{
   #if: Nature Farming | 
 }} |  (

}}{{

 #if: 自然農法 | 自然農法

}}{{

 #if: Nature Farming | {{
   #if:  | {{
     #if: 自然農法 |  
   }}{{{3}}}
 }}

}}{{

 #if: 自然農法 |?

}}{{

 #if:   | {{
   #if: {{
     #if: | Nature Farming
   }}自然農法 |,
 }} {{{4}}} 

}}{{

 #if: 自然農法{{
   #if: Nature Farming | 
 }} | )

}}{{

 #if:   |  {{{5}}} 

}}{{#ifeq:||}} single-minded devotion.

  • 1950 - Rice and Barley continuous succession no-till farming accomplishment - {{
 #if: Nature Farming | Nature Farming | {{
   #if:  | {{{3}}}
 }}

}}{{

 #if: 自然農法{{
   #if: Nature Farming | 
 }} |  (

}}{{

 #if: 自然農法 | 自然農法

}}{{

 #if: Nature Farming | {{
   #if:  | {{
     #if: 自然農法 |  
   }}{{{3}}}
 }}

}}{{

 #if: 自然農法 |?

}}{{

 #if:   | {{
   #if: {{
     #if: | Nature Farming
   }}自然農法 |,
 }} {{{4}}} 

}}{{

 #if: 自然農法{{
   #if: Nature Farming | 
 }} | )

}}{{

 #if:   |  {{{5}}} 

}}{{#ifeq:||}} establishment.

  • 1972 - Creates "Template:Nihongo2" (literally: Green (verdure) Philosophy) self-published 359 page book of practical-philosophy, theory and practical-ways' actual-methods of doing-practise, -publication announcement date 1972 April 25th (-he brings attention to this as an under-appreciated fact in later writing, 2001[48])
  • 1975 - Creates "Template:Nihongo2" (literally: Nature Farming・Straw One-stalk's Revolution) published by Template:Nihongo3.
  • 1979 - July-August - First journey overseas, with his wife, to U.S. of America, "The two leaders of the health-through-macrobiotics movement in America are Michio Kushi and Herman Aihara in California. It was through their good graces that I was able to tour America in 1979.", journey across the country for about 40 days with Larry (& friend?), including meeting with the United Nations - UNCCD -including Maurice Strong - encouraging his practical involvement in the "Plan of Action to Combat Desertification"; sowing seeds; ... .
  • 1983 - Europe, 50 days journey with Panos (Greece) and Miriam (Italy), workshops, educating farmers, sowing seeds -Switzerland, Italy, Austria with Michio Kushi also, Germany, Holland with Thomas Nelissen also, France.
  • 1985 - Northern hemisphere summer -Forty days in Africa, Somalia informatively flying through Ethiopia, sowing seeds in areas of desert to re-vegetate them, the then government's unexpected policies limited him to mainly working in remote villages and an Ethiopian refugee camp.
  • 1986 - Northern hemisphere summer -U.S. America return for nearly 50 days, including keynote speaker in an international natural farming conference, August.
  • 1987-88 - Deshikottam Award, India, given by Prime Minister Rajiv Gandhi; 2 months, visited {{
 #if: Nature Farms | Nature Farms | {{
   #if:  | {{{3}}}
 }}

}}{{

 #if: 自然農園{{
   #if: Nature Farms | 
 }} |  (

}}{{

 #if: 自然農園 | 自然農園

}}{{

 #if: Nature Farms | {{
   #if:  | {{
     #if: 自然農園 |  
   }}{{{3}}}
 }}

}}{{

 #if: 自然農園 |?

}}{{

 #if:   | {{
   #if: {{
     #if: | Nature Farms
   }}自然農園 |,
 }} {{{4}}} 

}}{{

 #if: 自然農園{{
   #if: Nature Farms | 
 }} | )

}}{{

 #if:   |  {{{5}}} 

}}{{#ifeq:||}} including those of Partap Aggarwal with the Friends Rural Centre, Rasulia and of nearby Raju & Shalini Titis, Madhya Pradesh.

  • 1988 - Ramon Magsaysay Award for public service, with his wife, Philippines; Journey among forests, farms, plantations, farmer's markets and the peace memorial monument.
  • 1990 - July - Thailand, propagating nature farming to farmers.
  • 1991 - Thailand, collecting seeds for re-vegetating deserts in India with little success, planting seeds on the grounds of the Kanchanapuri childrens' village school.
  • 1991 - November-December - India return, 2 months, sowing seeds in the deserts to re-vegetate them...; viewing Mangrove broadcast seeding sucesses, Ganges River, West Bengal state; Calcutta; New Delhi; Meeting Minister of the Environment; Meeting Prime Minister Rao; Minister of Agriculture; Madhya Pradesh viewing earlier seed sowing from Aeroplanes; Imphal, Manipur.
  • 1991 - Thailand again trying again to collect seeds. Correcting a problem with the seeds planted on the grounds of the childrens' village school.
  • 1992 - Participating in official meetings in Japan associated with and at the time of the Rio Earth Summit, Brazil.
  • 1996 - Wet season-February- - Tanzania, Africa, journey with Panos (& 椿さん?), including sowing seeds in areas of desert to re-vegetate them, observing Baobab-tree & jungle country.
  • 1996 - Vietnam, making, teaching and sowing clay seed balls... .
  • 1997 - Earth Council Award honours for contributions to sustainable development.
  • 1997 - October - India, attending an international seminar to commemorate Gandhi, Gandhi's Ashram Sevagram (Wardha); 19 days journey, lectured and observed many farms and gardens; Successor Ms. Honma led a clay seed ball workshop, with Mr. Fukuoka, Mr. Raju and many more; Producing a film of the journey's activities; From Mumbai Maharashtra re-visiting Punamchand Bapna's natural farm, Dahanu, and Bhaskar Save's natural farm, Umbergaon nearby in Gujarat, giving high praise to both.
  • 1998 - Philippines, {{
 #if: Nature Farming | Nature Farming | {{
   #if:  | {{{3}}}
 }}

}}{{

 #if: 自然農法{{
   #if: Nature Farming | 
 }} |  (

}}{{

 #if: 自然農法 | 自然農法

}}{{

 #if: Nature Farming | {{
   #if:  | {{
     #if: 自然農法 |  
   }}{{{3}}}
 }}

}}{{

 #if: 自然農法 |?

}}{{

 #if:   | {{
   #if: {{
     #if: | Nature Farming
   }}自然農法 |,
 }} {{{4}}} 

}}{{

 #if: 自然農法{{
   #if: Nature Farming | 
 }} | )

}}{{

 #if:   |  {{{5}}} 

}}{{#ifeq:||}} research after 10 years passed, including Ms Aveliw's {{

 #if: Nature Farm | Nature Farm | {{
   #if:  | {{{3}}}
 }}

}}{{

 #if: 自然農園{{
   #if: Nature Farm | 
 }} |  (

}}{{

 #if: 自然農園 | 自然農園

}}{{

 #if: Nature Farm | {{
   #if:  | {{
     #if: 自然農園 |  
   }}{{{3}}}
 }}

}}{{

 #if: 自然農園 |?

}}{{

 #if:   | {{
   #if: {{
     #if: | Nature Farm
   }}自然農園 |,
 }} {{{4}}} 

}}{{

 #if: 自然農園{{
   #if: Nature Farm | 
 }} | )

}}{{

 #if:   |  {{{5}}} 

}}{{#ifeq:||}}, made in only 4 years.

  • 1998 - Spring March & Autumn - Greece with Greek-successor Panos, sowing seeds in areas of desert to re-vegetate them including major efforts for 10,000 ha around the Lake Vegoritis area, starting with 2,500 ha, to be completed in Autumn ... .
  • 1999 - Mallorca Spain (=Majorca island), visit, including making and sowing clay seed balls, interviews ... .
  • 2001 - Autumn - China... .
  • 2002 - Collecting seeds for Afghanistan with Japanese-successor Ms. Honma, who with? or without? Mr. Fukuoka, journeyed there in Autumn, 8 tons of seed were shipped; India also... .
  • 2008 - August 16th died.

Select Creations

Template:Multicol Video・ Documentary - Fukuoka Masanobu goes to India 1997

Living-organisms' Planet - "For Living on the Planet Earth"

Nature Farming (ways-laws-dharma)・Fukuoka Masanobu - Clay seed balls rescue Earth.

Farming (ways-laws-dharma) supervision: Fukuoka Masanobu / Clay Seed Balls guidance: Honma Yuko / Direction: Imaizumi Kōji / Production: Salbong (Non-profit Movie Production)

Template:Multicol-break Template:Nihongo2

Template:Nihongo2

Template:Nihongo2


Template:Nihongo2 Template:Multicol-end

Template:Multicol NTSC VHS/BTC STEREO - Japanese language edition・59 minutes - English language edition・61 minutes - 1998 - (available now, recently, on DVD in Japanese, instead of only tape...?)

Company: サルボン (Salbong) Template:Multicol-break Template:Nihongo2


Template:Nihongo2 Template:Multicol-end


Papers in scientific and Buddhist terms published at least as early as 1937 at age 24, include, in Japanese only:

 #if: Plant Inspection Division of the Yokohama Customs Bureau | Plant Inspection Division of the Yokohama Customs Bureau | {{
   #if:  | {{{3}}}
 }}

}}{{

 #if: 横濱税關植物檢査課{{
   #if: Plant Inspection Division of the Yokohama Customs Bureau | 
 }} |  (

}}{{

 #if: 横濱税關植物檢査課 | 横濱税關植物檢査課

}}{{

 #if: Plant Inspection Division of the Yokohama Customs Bureau | {{
   #if:  | {{
     #if: 横濱税關植物檢査課 |  
   }}{{{3}}}
 }}

}}{{

 #if: 横濱税關植物檢査課 |?

}}{{

 #if:   | {{
   #if: {{
     #if: | Plant Inspection Division of the Yokohama Customs Bureau
   }}横濱税關植物檢査課 |,
 }} {{{4}}} 

}}{{

 #if: 横濱税關植物檢査課{{
   #if: Plant Inspection Division of the Yokohama Customs Bureau | 
 }} | )

}}{{

 #if:   |  {{{5}}} 

}}{{#ifeq:||}}.


Books with translations to English include the following:

Translation of Philosophy and Language

The Chinese words Wú wéi of Tao-philosophy origin, widely recognised in the 'West', translate directly to this Japanese word Template:Nihongo3[31]. Evidently some loss of some connections of understanding, occurred in use of English translations of Mr. Fukuoka's Japanese writing (of Wú wéi-Template:Nihongo2); Compare for example, in the following footnotes' webpages' wonderful writing, their different understandings of connections between Mr. Fukuoka's writings and Wú wéi (Template:Nihongo2)[32][56].

Mr. Fukuoka writes some articulation, philosophically, of his enlightenment experience, in Buddhist, Taoist and Christian terms:

Parallel identical sentences in both Japanese & English-translation including the words "Template:Nihongo2", "Template:Nihongo2", "Template:Nihongo2", "Template:Nihongo2", "Template:Nihongo2" & "Template:Nihongo2", and further sentences clarifying and elaborating on them, became available in 1996 with his privately re-translated & published English very limited edition, "A Recapitulation" of "The One-Straw Revolution"[61].

Brief sentences in, Japanese under the heading "「矛盾の誕生」" from page 83, second column[62], and English under the heading "The Birth and Expansion of Contradictions" from page 110, top half[63], respectively, provide parallel-translation quotations juxtaposed below:

Template:Nihongo2
We can only walk the path of not-knowing, of no-mind, no-will, and no-action.

Template:Nihongo2
There is only one path of atonement for the original sin of primitive man, eating the fruit of the tree of knowledge. That is to create a Garden of Eden of do-nothing nature.

Template:Nihongo2
In other words, we can only return to original nature, become one with it, and live in a world of non-discrimination and unity (symbiosis).

Hence from this & additional examples written in this 1996 English recapitulation & re-translation, the English phrases: "do-nothing", "no-action" or 'not doing', all refer to the Japanese word Template:Nihongo3. In the 1970s Mr. Fukuoka apparently advised English-translators preparing the 1978 first English edition of "The One-Straw Revolution", Chris Pearce, Tsune Kurosawa & Larry Korn, to use the English apparent-mystery-phrase "do-nothing" (including often inside quotes) for Wú wéi Template:Nihongo3. Seemingly, Mr. Fukuoka intended "do-nothing" as a mystery phrase in English language, to usher readers to themselves directly appreciate the real meaning of it, by having direct non-verbal experiences of it, as well understood in "Oriental natural philosophy"; Including as manifested in his practise of, and as experienced in the practise of Nature Farming. If this is as it seems, Mr. Fukuoka took an insightful multi-level-meaning-approach to the English translation.

Mr. Fukuoka's subsequent reprise, quoted in Japanese and his English-translation:

Template:Cquote

Nature Farming

Mr. Fukuoka practised a system of farming he referred to as Template:Nihongo3 Nature Farming[11][12]; In English translations till now as "The Natural Way of Farming" or Natural Farming for shorthand. In India, "natural farming" is often referred to as "Rishi Kheti (farming as practised by the ancient sages)."[24][25][64]. Although many of his plant varieties and some of his practises, may relate specifically to Japan and even to specific local conditions there in subtropical western Shikoku, his philosophy and the governing principles of his farming systems see practical application around the world; Practised with mostly different varieties of plants in different places & climates, as for example in India, in Africa and even in the cold temperate north end of mainland Honshū, far northern Japan, in Akinori Kimura's Aomori Prefecture apple orchard {{

 #if: nature farming | nature farming | {{
   #if: shizen nōhō | shizen nōhō
 }}

}}{{

 #if: 自然農法{{
   #if: nature farming | shizen nōhō
 }} |  (

}}{{

 #if: 自然農法 | 自然農法

}}{{

 #if: nature farming | {{
   #if: shizen nōhō | {{
     #if: 自然農法 |  
   }}shizen nōhō
 }}

}}{{

 #if: 自然農法 |?

}}{{

 #if:   | {{
   #if: {{
     #if: shizen nōhō| nature farming
   }}自然農法 |,
 }} {{{4}}} 

}}{{

 #if: 自然農法{{
   #if: nature farming | shizen nōhō
 }} | )

}}{{

 #if:   |  {{{5}}} 

}}{{#ifeq:||}}. Template:Taxobox Template:Taxobox Principally Mr. Fukuoka's systems minimise the human labour or disturbance, in facilitating as closely as practical, nature's reproduction of human foods, such as rice, barley, daikon or citrus mixed within biodiverse agricultural-ecosystems. Without plowing, seeds germinate quite happily on the surface if nature's conditions at each seed's site meet that seed's requirements. Considerable emphasis also gets given to practises sustaining of diversity rather than destructive of it. Spiders' continuing residence in his annual crop fields provides a 'key performance indicator' of sustainability, he points out.

Ground always remains covered. Weeds, ground cover of white clover, alfalfa (medic) & more herbaceous legumes, and sometimes additional deliberately sown herbaceous plants, receive regard as part of the ecosystems of the grains' crops, vegetables' crops and orchards.

In the orchard of mainly organic {{

 #if: iyokan trees | iyokan trees | {{
   #if: iyo kan | iyo kan
 }}

}}{{

 #if: 伊予柑 - イヨカン{{
   #if: iyokan trees | iyo kan
 }} |  (

}}{{

 #if: 伊予柑 - イヨカン | 伊予柑 - イヨカン

}}{{

 #if: iyokan trees | {{
   #if: iyo kan | {{
     #if: 伊予柑 - イヨカン |  
   }}iyo kan
 }}

}}{{

 #if: 伊予柑 - イヨカン |?

}}{{

 #if:   | {{
   #if: {{
     #if: iyo kan| iyokan trees
   }}伊予柑 - イヨカン |,
 }} {{{4}}} 

}}{{

 #if: 伊予柑 - イヨカン{{
   #if: iyokan trees | iyo kan
 }} | )

}}{{

 #if:   |  {{{5}}} 

}}{{#ifeq:||}}, {{

 #if: amanatsu trees | amanatsu trees | {{
   #if: ama natsu | ama natsu
 }}

}}{{

 #if: 甘夏{{
   #if: amanatsu trees | ama natsu
 }} |  (

}}{{

 #if: 甘夏 | 甘夏

}}{{

 #if: amanatsu trees | {{
   #if: ama natsu | {{
     #if: 甘夏 |  
   }}ama natsu
 }}

}}{{

 #if: 甘夏 |?

}}{{

 #if: -a variety of Citrus natsudaidai Natsumikan | {{
   #if: {{
     #if: ama natsu| amanatsu trees
   }}甘夏 |,
 }} -a variety of Citrus natsudaidai Natsumikan

}}{{

 #if: 甘夏{{
   #if: amanatsu trees | ama natsu
 }} | )

}}{{

 #if:   |  {{{5}}} 

}}{{#ifeq:||}}, sweet-&-sour summer citrus (-also see mikan or satsuma), {{

 #if: pomelo or shaddock | pomelo or shaddock | {{
   #if: pum tan | pum tan
 }}

}}{{

 #if: 文旦{{
   #if: pomelo or shaddock | pum tan
 }} |  (

}}{{

 #if: 文旦 | 文旦

}}{{

 #if: pomelo or shaddock | {{
   #if: pum tan | {{
     #if: 文旦 |  
   }}pum tan
 }}

}}{{

 #if: 文旦 |?

}}{{

 #if:   | {{
   #if: {{
     #if: pum tan| pomelo or shaddock
   }}文旦 |,
 }} {{{4}}} 

}}{{

 #if: 文旦{{
   #if: pomelo or shaddock | pum tan
 }} | )

}}{{

 #if:   |  {{{5}}} 

}}{{#ifeq:||}} & several more related citrus varieties, cherry blossoms, peaches, plums, chayotes or chokos, chinese gooseberries or kiwi fruits, {{

 #if: "Morishima acacia" | "Morishima acacia" | {{
   #if:  | 
 }}

}}{{

 #if: "モリシマ アカシア"{{
   #if: "Morishima acacia" | 
 }} |  (

}}{{

 #if: "モリシマ アカシア" | "モリシマ アカシア"

}}{{

 #if: "Morishima acacia" | {{
   #if:  | {{
     #if: "モリシマ アカシア" |  
   }}
 }}

}}{{

 #if: "モリシマ アカシア" |?

}}{{

 #if: Black Wattle | {{
   #if: {{
     #if: | "Morishima acacia"
   }}"モリシマ アカシア" |,
 }} Black Wattle

}}{{

 #if: "モリシマ アカシア"{{
   #if: "Morishima acacia" | 
 }} | )

}}{{

 #if:   |  {{{5}}} 

}}{{#ifeq:||}} trees (Australian native Black Wattle Acacia mearnsii, earlier in Mr. Fukuoka's time known as Acacia mollissima), Meyer and more varieties of lemons, more different citrus varieties, mugworts, chestnuts, persimmons, melias, camphor trees, wax myrtle, camellias, hydrangeas, etc.; Various welcomed weeds; Sown white clover & many more leguminous plant species varieties; Buckwheat or soba, daikon, sweet potato or kumara, burdock or gobō, rapeseed, Indian mustard, potherb mustard or mizuna, etc.; Many local native wild plant species eg. "many wild herbs", groves of Bamboo, ferns[65]; Many more vegetable & herb plant species; All grow together, all receiving regard as part of the ecosystem. Periodically some ground layer plants including weeds may get cut low-down, with long-handled Template:Nihongo3[20], and allowed to lie on the surface so the nutrients they contain are returned to the soil, shading & suppressing (re-)growth of weeds, and hence facilitating the option of perhaps sowing more vegetable or herb seeds, either naked or within clay seed balls, in the area.

In the summer-rice and winter-barley grains' crops, ground covers of particularly white clover, and also of alfalfa (medic) & more herbaceous legumes grow under the grain plants, naturally providing, —fixing— nitrogen from the atmosphere. As well as these and the weeds, straw from the previous crop covers the topsoil, as mulch.

Each grain crop is sown before the previous one is harvested. This is done by broadcasting the seed among the standing crop.

Mr. Fukuoka re-invented for the present era and advanced, the art of {{

 #if: clay seed balls | clay seed balls | {{
   #if: nendo dango | nendo dango
 }}

}}{{

 #if: 粘土 団子{{
   #if: clay seed balls | nendo dango
 }} |  (

}}{{

 #if: 粘土 団子 | 粘土 団子

}}{{

 #if: clay seed balls | {{
   #if: nendo dango | {{
     #if: 粘土 団子 |  
   }}nendo dango
 }}

}}{{

 #if: 粘土 団子 |?

}}{{

 #if: lit. (粘 -Sticky, 土 -Earth) -Clay, 団子 -Dumpling | {{
   #if: {{
     #if: nendo dango| clay seed balls
   }}粘土 団子 |,
 }} lit. (粘 -Sticky, 土 -Earth) -Clay, 団子 -Dumpling

}}{{

 #if: 粘土 団子{{
   #if: clay seed balls | nendo dango
 }} | )

}}{{

 #if:   |  {{{5}}} 

}}{{#ifeq:||}} also {{

 #if: earth seed balls | earth seed balls | {{
   #if: tsuchi dango | tsuchi dango
 }}

}}{{

 #if: 土 団子{{
   #if: earth seed balls | tsuchi dango
 }} |  (

}}{{

 #if: 土 団子 | 土 団子

}}{{

 #if: earth seed balls | {{
   #if: tsuchi dango | {{
     #if: 土 団子 |  
   }}tsuchi dango
 }}

}}{{

 #if: 土 団子 |?

}}{{

 #if:   | {{
   #if: {{
     #if: tsuchi dango| earth seed balls
   }}土 団子 |,
 }} {{{4}}} 

}}{{

 #if: 土 団子{{
   #if: earth seed balls | tsuchi dango
 }} | )

}}{{

 #if:   |  {{{5}}} 

}}{{#ifeq:||}}. Clay seed balls are originally an ancient art, known from at least some First American peoples' practises. Seeds for next season's crop get mixed together, perhaps with a little humus or sometimes compost, for microbial inoculants, then rolled within the clay to form into small balls.

Ducks are let into the grain crop, and specific insectivorous carp into the rice paddy at certain times of the year to eat slugs and other pestsTemplate:Citation needed.

The result is a denser crop of smaller but highly productive and stronger plants.

Mr. Fukuoka's practises & philosophy emphasises small scale farming and disproves mechanised-broad-acre farming's simplistic-suppositions of essential-higher-productivity, of efficiencies and of economies-of-scale; While his family's-farm's area overall is larger, larger than the then average Japanese farm area, he wrote of one field of his already established grain crops as an example of small scale farming: Template:Quote

Nowadays, Mr. Fukuoka's {{

 #if: nature farm | nature farm | {{
   #if: shizen nōen | shizen nōen
 }}

}}{{

 #if: "自然農園"{{
   #if: nature farm | shizen nōen
 }} |  (

}}{{

 #if: "自然農園" | "自然農園"

}}{{

 #if: nature farm | {{
   #if: shizen nōen | {{
     #if: "自然農園" |  
   }}shizen nōen
 }}

}}{{

 #if: "自然農園" |?

}}{{

 #if:   | {{
   #if: {{
     #if: shizen nōen| nature farm
   }}"自然農園" |,
 }} {{{4}}} 

}}{{

 #if: "自然農園"{{
   #if: nature farm | shizen nōen
 }} | )

}}{{

 #if:   |  {{{5}}} 

}}{{#ifeq:||}} in Ehime Prefecture, Shikoku, southern Japan has changed primary-hands to his son, gradually during the late 1980s, as he reached an advanced age. His orchard of organic iyo-kan & ama-natsu-mikan, more related varieties of citrus, of many different fruit trees, vines, shrubs, including more different citrus, of many different types of vegetables, herbs, local native trees, bamboo, shrubs, ferns and more species, and weeds eg. Tradescantia sp., all growing mixed together, has matured through succession considerably over recent decades.

Today the organic iyo-kan & ama-natsu-mikan trees still grow, although some old iyo-kan have finished of old age, replaced by distinct new varieties of fruit for the orchard, with the pre-existing types of fruit trees, continuing straw-mulched crops' areas, vegetables' crops' areas, still some extensive vegetables under the orchard fruit trees, still bamboo groves, and many pre-existing trees and plants, all at the very least still grow in his family's {{

 #if: Fukuoka nature farm | Fukuoka nature farm | {{
   #if: Fukuoka shizen nōen | Fukuoka shizen nōen
 }}

}}{{

 #if: "福岡自然農園"{{
   #if: Fukuoka nature farm | Fukuoka shizen nōen
 }} |  (

}}{{

 #if: "福岡自然農園" | "福岡自然農園"

}}{{

 #if: Fukuoka nature farm | {{
   #if: Fukuoka shizen nōen | {{
     #if: "福岡自然農園" |  
   }}Fukuoka shizen nōen
 }}

}}{{

 #if: "福岡自然農園" |?

}}{{

 #if:   | {{
   #if: {{
     #if: Fukuoka shizen nōen| Fukuoka nature farm
   }}"福岡自然農園" |,
 }} {{{4}}} 

}}{{

 #if: "福岡自然農園"{{
   #if: Fukuoka nature farm | Fukuoka shizen nōen
 }} | )

}}{{

 #if:   |  {{{5}}} 

}}{{#ifeq:||}}; Now with an area of Ginko (trees), with places growing Shiitake mushrooms in tree bases, with the distinct new varieties for the orchard area, including Limes, Grapefruits, Feijoas, Avocados, Mangos, and so on, all together with the previous, providing abundant harvests for his son's family, substantial family, community and visitors' employment, and apparently reliable-prosperity for healthy people —healthy ecosystem— [66][67][68][69][70][71].

See also

Template:Div col

Template:Div col end

Notes

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 Shōshin: a chinese reading of the kanji characters Template:Nihongo2
  2. 2.0 2.1 1992 Template:Nihongo2 1996 "The Ultimatium [sic] of GOD NATURE The One-Straw Revolution A RECAPITULATION" -page 203
  3. 3.0 3.1 1975 Template:Nihongo2 1978 (US edition) "The One-Straw Revolution" -page 119 (& page xii Wendell Berry's quote in preface), furthermore a footnote beneath the sentence explains more, quote:
    *In this paragraph Mr. Fukuoka is drawing a distinction between techniques undertaken in conscious pursuit of a given objective, and those which arise spontaneously as the expression of a person's harmony with nature as he goes about his daily business, free from the domination of the volitional intellect.
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 Template:Nihongo3 Mr. Fukuoka's last creation & testament -webpage describing this creation (Japanese text only with photos & links) 2009 June post in Mahoroba blog, of natural foods company owned by friend of Mr. Fukuoka & family.
  5. 5.0 5.1 NHK TV station appearances', 1976 earliest search result (NHK programs' archive database web page) -an attempted translation of the program summary from that page: 'In Ehime Prefecture central, Dōgo plain's edge, seemingly different from the surrounding rice paddy fields/farms. This farm's/rice-paddy-field's owner is Iyo-shi's Fukuoka Masanobu (62 years old). Without any plowing for 30 years, rice plants grow without either synthetic chemical fertilizers or synthetic agricultural chemicals (pesticides, herbicides, fungicides, etc.). At first glance, rice is fruiting as a victory without a battle, so to sound out what he says.'
  6. 6.0 6.1 NHK TV station appearances' search results (NHK programs' archive database web page listing).
  7. 7.0 7.1 Template:Nihongo2 "The Ultimatium [sic] of GOD NATURE The One-Straw Revolution A RECAPITULATION" 1996 -page 2 -quote:
    In an instant I had become a different person. I sensed that, with the clearing of the dawn mist, I had been transformed completely, body and soul. The first words that rose to my lips were, "There is nothing. There really is nothing at all, whether this be the mundane world or God's world." I leaped to my feet in joyful amazement. Just as the saying goes. God had struck me like a bolt from the blue. It is no exaggeration to say that peals of thunder beat against my head and lightning flashed, as the true nature of this world became vividly apparent to me. I was so overcome with powerful emotion that I was reduced to trembling, both in body and in spirit. I shouted for joy, with words that must have been incomprehensible. With all my might I had been grasping at something, foolishly searching for something when there was nothing there at all. The sparkle of the morning dew on the grass, the green of the trees bathed in morning light and trembling with joy, the delightful chatter of the birds gathered in the dawn.... what a wonder it was that I too was able to take my place in this realm of freedom, this world of ecstasy. I literally clapped my hands and stamped my feet in my delight at knowing God, and I was unable to stop trembling. The tempest of emotion that assailed me at that time is indelibly impressed in my mind, its freshness undimmed even today. And yet, I could not expect those feelings to last forever. As I recall, I did not continue long in that state of physical and spiritual ecstasy, bathed in rapture and at the height of bliss.
  8. 8.0 8.1 2001 Template:Nihongo2 Japanese only (a title translate: "The One Straw Revolution Recapitulation -Journeying [around Earth] with clay seed balls-") -biographical notes on page 271 -quote: "{{ #if: 15 May 1937 Awakening in Yokohama city | 15 May 1937 Awakening in Yokohama city | {{ #if: | {{{3}}} }} }}{{ #if: 昭和12年 5月 15日 横浜に於て開悟 自然農法の道一筋{{ #if: 15 May 1937 Awakening in Yokohama city | }} | ( }}{{ #if: 昭和12年 5月 15日 横浜に於て開悟 自然農法の道一筋 | 昭和12年 5月 15日 横浜に於て開悟 自然農法の道一筋 }}{{ #if: 15 May 1937 Awakening in Yokohama city | {{ #if: | {{ #if: 昭和12年 5月 15日 横浜に於て開悟 自然農法の道一筋 | }}{{{3}}} }} }}{{ #if: 昭和12年 5月 15日 横浜に於て開悟 自然農法の道一筋 |? }}{{ #if: | {{ #if: {{ #if: | 15 May 1937 Awakening in Yokohama city }}昭和12年 5月 15日 横浜に於て開悟 自然農法の道一筋 |, }} {{{4}}} }}{{ #if: 昭和12年 5月 15日 横浜に於て開悟 自然農法の道一筋{{ #if: 15 May 1937 Awakening in Yokohama city | }} | ) }}{{ #if: | {{{5}}} }}{{#ifeq:||}}" - {{ #if: awakening; to uncover enlightenment | awakening; to uncover enlightenment | {{ #if: kaigo | kaigo }} }}{{ #if: 開悟{{ #if: awakening; to uncover enlightenment | kaigo }} | ( }}{{ #if: 開悟 | 開悟 }}{{ #if: awakening; to uncover enlightenment | {{ #if: kaigo | {{ #if: 開悟 | }}kaigo }} }}{{ #if: 開悟 |? }}{{ #if: | {{ #if: {{ #if: kaigo| awakening; to uncover enlightenment }}開悟 |, }} {{{4}}} }}{{ #if: 開悟{{ #if: awakening; to uncover enlightenment | kaigo }} | ) }}{{ #if: | {{{5}}} }}{{#ifeq:||}}
  9. 9.0 9.1 9.2 9.3 The 1988 Ramon Magsaysay Award for Public Service - "BIOGRAPHY of Masanobu Fukuoka"
  10. 10.0 10.1 Interwoven philosophy & practise in the context of 'do-nothing' (Wú wéi), explanation by Jamie (souscayrous) -Fukuoka_Farming Yahoo Group 2003
  11. 11.0 11.1 11.2 11.3 Muller, A. Charles, ed. Digital Dictionary of Buddhism (Edition of 2010 July 31st) page: Template:Nihongo3 meaning: text by "C. Muller: [Basic Meaning: spontaneously; Senses: Automatically, naturally; of itself, despite effort. The situation of a person having no intention at all towards anybody to even the slightest extent. Existing in freedom without any attachment. [cmuller; source(s): JEBD,Yokoi]; The original nature of things; original nature (Skt. dharma-svabhāva-mudrā). Suchness, thusness 眞如 (Skt. tathatā). The appearance of true reality as it is, or a thing just as it is. [cmuller]; Self-existent (Skt. svayaṃ-bhū); also 自爾; 法爾 self-existing, the self-existent; Brahmā, Viṣṇu, and others. [cmuller; source(s): Soothill]"] -login required, use username=guest password= (without a password) -Template:Zh
  12. 12.0 12.1 12.2 Hui-Lian Xu (2001) "NATURE FARMING In Japan" Research Signpost, T. C. 37/661(2), Fort Post Office, Trivandrum - 695023, Kerala, India
  13. 13.0 13.1 13.2 1975 Template:Nihongo2 1978 (US edition) "The One-Straw Revolution" -page 124, quote:
    ...human knowledge--discriminating and non-discriminating.** People generally believe that unmistaken recognition of the world is possible through discrimination alone. Therefore, the word "nature" as it is generally spoken, denotes nature as it is perceived by the discriminating intellect. I deny the empty image of nature as created by the human intellect, and clearly distinguish it from nature itself as experienced by non-discriminating understanding. If we eradicate the false conception of nature, I believe the root of the world's disorder will disappear. ..." - the footnote explanation, quote: "**This is a distinction made by many Oriental philosophers. Discriminating knowledge is derived from the analytic, wilful intellect in an attempt to organize experience into a logical framework. ...in this process, the individual sets himself apart from nature. It is the "limited scientific truth and judgement" discussed on pg. 84. Non-discriminating knowledge arises without conscious effort on the part of the individual when experience is accepted as it is, without interpretation of the intellect. While discriminating knowledge is essential for analyzing practical problems in the world, ... ultimately it provides too narrow a perspective.
  14. 14.0 14.1 14.2 1975 Template:Nihongo2 1985 -revised ed. 1987 "The Natural Way Of Farming-The Theory and Practice of Green Philosophy" -page 171-quote:
    One thing is all things. To resolve one matter, one must resolve all matters. Changing one thing changes all things. Once I made the decision to sow rice in the fall, I found that I could also stop transplanting, and plowing, and applying chemical fertilizers, and preparing compost, and spraying pesticides.
  15. 15.0 15.1 15.2 1975 Template:Nihongo2 1978 "The One-Straw Revolution" -page 40-quote:
    These four principles of natural farming (no cultivation, no chemical fertilizer or prepared compost, no weeding by tillage or herbicides, and no dependence on chemicals) comply with the natural order and lead to the replenishment of nature's richness.
  16. 16.0 16.1 1975 Template:Nihongo2 1985 -revised ed. 1987 "The Natural Way Of Farming-The Theory and Practice of Green Philosophy" -page 103
  17. 17.0 17.1 17.2 17.3 17.4 17.5 1975 Template:Nihongo2 1978 "The One-Straw Revolution" -page 33
  18. 18.0 18.1 1975 Template:Nihongo2 1985 -revised ed. 1987 "The Natural Way Of Farming-The Theory and Practice of Green Philosophy" -page 106
  19. 19.0 19.1 1975 Template:Nihongo2 1985 -revised ed. 1987 "The Natural Way Of Farming-The Theory and Practice of Green Philosophy" -page 112
  20. 20.0 20.1 20.2 1975 Template:Nihongo2 1978 (US edition) "The One-Straw Revolution" Template:Nihongo3 having various angled blades & handles -often long-handled for low cutting of grasses, crops or weeds from a standing-walking position - but also short handled for harvesting some kinds of crops or other cutting work -photos on pages 46 (in use but hard to see), 93, 140, 158 & 169
  21. 21.0 21.1 1975 Template:Nihongo2 1985 -revised ed. 1987 "The Natural Way Of Farming-The Theory and Practice of Green Philosophy" -page 114
  22. 22.0 22.1 1975 Template:Nihongo2 1985 -revised ed. 1987 "The Natural Way Of Farming-The Theory and Practice of Green Philosophy" -page 204
  23. 23.0 23.1 2001 Template:Nihongo2 Japanese only (a title translate: "The One Straw Revolution Recapitulation -Journeying [around Earth] with clay seed balls-")
  24. 24.0 24.1 24.2 "Natural farming succeeds in Indian village By Partap C Aggarwal" in the 1980s, quote:
    ... Slowly, bit by bit, we found ourselves close to what is called ‘natural farming’, pioneered in Japan by Masanobu Fukuoka. At Rasulia we called it 'rishi kheti' (agriculture of the sages).
  25. 25.0 25.1 25.2 25.3 "Shalini & Raju Titus", MP, India 2006 quote:
    We are practicing and preaching Natural way of farming based on zero tillage since last 20 years in the name of Rishi kheti. ... ...
    -Fukuoka_Farming Yahoo! Group 2006
  26. 26.0 26.1 "Natural Farming Centre, Greece"
  27. 27.0 27.1 "Natural Farming Italy / Agricoltura naturale"
  28. 28.0 28.1 "Fukuoka Nature Farming ... Fukuoka farming in Thailand and Japan"
  29. 29.0 29.1 Mr. Fukuoka in Afghanistan, quote:
    Mr. Fukuoka is now 91 and on a wheel chair but keeping himself busy going to countries for seeding wherever there is a food shortage. I heard he made a trip to India and Afghanistan last fall.
    -Fukuoka_farming Yahoo! group 2003
  30. 30.0 30.1 30.2 Muller, A. Charles, ed. Digital Dictionary of Buddhism (edition of 2010 July 31) page: Template:Nihongo3 an "Oriental natural philosophy" Template:Zh -login required, use username=guest password= (without a password)
  31. 31.0 31.1 31.2 31.3 Muller, A. Charles, ed. Digital Dictionary of Buddhism (edition of 2010 July 31st) page: Template:Nihongo3 an "Oriental natural philosophy" meaning: text by "C. Muller (source(s): YBh-Ind) : Uncompounded, uncreated; ... that which is not arisen on the basis of causes and conditions. That which is unconnected with the relationship of cause and effect. Absolutely eternal true reality which transcends arising-changing-cessation. Another name for nirvāṇa or tathatā. This was originally an important technical term in Daoism." -Template:Zh (Template:Lang-sa Template:Bo) -login required, use username=guest password= (without a password)
  32. 32.0 32.1 32.2 32.3 32.4 hootenfarmer blog, Japan, -mui-kipedia pages, specific Japanese blog about {{ #if: | | {{ #if: Fukuoka Masanobu | Fukuoka Masanobu }} }}{{ #if: 福岡 正信{{ #if: | Fukuoka Masanobu }} | ( }}{{ #if: 福岡 正信 | 福岡 正信 }}{{ #if: | {{ #if: Fukuoka Masanobu | {{ #if: 福岡 正信 | }}Fukuoka Masanobu }} }}{{ #if: 福岡 正信 |? }}{{ #if: | {{ #if: {{ #if: Fukuoka Masanobu| }}福岡 正信 |, }} {{{4}}} }}{{ #if: 福岡 正信{{ #if: | Fukuoka Masanobu }} | ) }}{{ #if: | {{{5}}} }}{{#ifeq:||}}, Template:Nihongo3, Template:Nihongo3, and more related topics, including recently these linked specific {{ #if: 'mui-kipedia'・... | 'mui-kipedia'・... | {{ #if: mui (mui) kipedia・... | mui (mui) kipedia・... }} }}{{ #if: "ムイ(無為)キペディア・無為の種蒔き百科事典"{{ #if: 'mui-kipedia'・... | mui (mui) kipedia・... }} | ( }}{{ #if: "ムイ(無為)キペディア・無為の種蒔き百科事典" | "ムイ(無為)キペディア・無為の種蒔き百科事典" }}{{ #if: 'mui-kipedia'・... | {{ #if: mui (mui) kipedia・... | {{ #if: "ムイ(無為)キペディア・無為の種蒔き百科事典" | }}mui (mui) kipedia・... }} }}{{ #if: "ムイ(無為)キペディア・無為の種蒔き百科事典" |? }}{{ #if: | {{ #if: {{ #if: mui (mui) kipedia・...| 'mui-kipedia'・... }}"ムイ(無為)キペディア・無為の種蒔き百科事典" |, }} {{{4}}} }}{{ #if: "ムイ(無為)キペディア・無為の種蒔き百科事典"{{ #if: 'mui-kipedia'・... | mui (mui) kipedia・... }} | ) }}{{ #if: | {{{5}}} }}{{#ifeq:||}} pages on his specific writings relating {{ #if: | | {{ #if: mui | mui }} }}{{ #if: 無為{{ #if: | mui }} | ( }}{{ #if: 無為 | 無為 }}{{ #if: | {{ #if: mui | {{ #if: 無為 | }}mui }} }}{{ #if: 無為 |? }}{{ #if: | {{ #if: {{ #if: mui| }}無為 |, }} {{{4}}} }}{{ #if: 無為{{ #if: | mui }} | ) }}{{ #if: | {{{5}}} }}{{#ifeq:||}}.
  33. 33.0 33.1 1992 Template:Nihongo2 1996 "The Ultimatium [sic] of GOD NATURE The One-Straw Revolution A RECAPITULATION" -page 205
  34. 34.0 34.1 1984 Template:Nihongo2 1987 "The Road Back to Nature-Regaining the Paradise Lost" -page 362-3 "Making the Change from Organic to Natural Farming" by a different translator with slightly different wording in this older book, these updated words quoted have the same meaning.
  35. 35.0 35.1 35.2 "Japanese Farmer-Philosopher Masanobu Fukuoka: Natural Farming Greening the Deserts" Japan for Sustainability Newsletter 2006 May.
  36. 36.0 36.1 36.2 "Japanese Farmer-Philosopher Masanobu Fukuoka: Natural Farming Greening the Deserts" Japan for Sustainability Newsletter 2006 May -Japanese page.
  37. 37.0 37.1 37.2 "The 1988 Ramon Magsaysay Award for Public Service - CITATION for Masanobu Fukuoka - Ramon Magsaysay Award Presentation Ceremonies - 31 August 1988, Manila, Philippines"
  38. 38.0 38.1 Template:Cite news
  39. 39.0 39.1 Template:Cite news
  40. 40.0 40.1 40.2 "Rockefeller Brothers Fund - 1998 Grants made in 1998"" - "As a contribution toward the publication of a textbook, "Natural Farming - How to Make Clayballs." (2003 archive)
  41. 41.0 41.1 "Fukuoka Returned Rockefeller Grant in 1999" -quote: "Iearned from Lydia Brown of the Rockefeller Foundation a few minutes ago that although Fukuoka was awarded a Ramon Magsaysay Program for Asian Projects Grant for $10,000 in 1998 to write a textbook on how to make clayballs, he returned the money in December 1999. He said in the letter to the foundation that because of advanced age he was unable to complete the project." -Fukuoka_farming Yahoo! group 2003
  42. 42.0 42.1 Earth Council Awards 1997 Japan - Japanese Government Environment department website press release (Japanese only)
  43. 43.0 43.1 World Expo Aichi Japan 2005 appearance -official web page for his session on the 4th of August 2005.
  44. 44.0 44.1 Mr. Fukuoka's 93rd Birthday notice from his associate Michiyo who has visited him regularly -Fukuoka_Farming Yahoo! Group 2006.
  45. 45.0 45.1 A translation: 'Mind-times' ~ Religion・Life Template:Nihongo2 television interview between Fukuoka Masanobu and Template:Nihongo3 on the topic: Journey around the world with Clay seed balls ~ 60 years Nature-Farming advancements Template:Nihongo2 7th May 2006 on Japanese station NHK
  46. 46.0 46.1 46.2 Eulogy page with NHK Iroha dialogue hour-long TV program video copy in 6 segments (Japanese text only with photos & videos) 2008 August post in Mahoroba blog, of natural foods company owned by friend of Mr. Fukuoka & family.
  47. 47.0 47.1 Diary letter relating with rich meanings Mr. Fukuoka sensei-practitioner's death, of: Obituaries; The all night vigil; Funeral service; Family's condolence messages; Nothingness proof; Family relations; Conclusion; Clay seed balls practise, results and true meaning & purpose; The motion of fate-karma-destiny; The transition between eternal spiritual unconditioned-reality and the vicissitudes of phenomenal-material conditioned karmic-life in the world; and other sections, in this one of Mahoroba Diary's occasional letters.
  48. 48.0 48.1 2001 Template:Nihongo2 Japanese only (a title translate: "The One Straw Revolution Recapitulation -Journeying [around Earth] with clay seed balls-") -his page 266 description, quote:
    Template:Nihongo2
    (literally: Nature-(spontaneous) philosophy's theories and in-actual-practise all-methods-laws-dharma-ways to-be, Nature-Farming's cultivation all-methods-laws-dharma-ways, written work.)
  49. 49.0 49.1 49.2 Kyoto University, Japan, Fukuoka Masanobu Nature Farming research society, Japanese only page by Shōjaku (Shift-JIS encoding), having extensive collected details about Mr. Fukuoka's life work, nature farming and writings (no translation to English from Japanese yet, sorry). Regarding Mr. Fukuoka's first publication, a Japanese quote:
    Template:Nihongo2
    -"「昭和22年」" means 1947 in English.
  50. 50.0 50.1 50.2 50.3 "Jean-Claude Catry, 2003 Nov.", quote:
    i have a copy of his first book written in the 40"s "the god's farming ". it is a dialog between him and a wise men from the mountain ( imaginery i assumed )
    -Fukuoka_Farming Yahoo! Group
  51. 51.0 51.1 Picture of: Fukuoka Masanobu 1964 "Mu 1-The God Revolution" translated by Alfred Birnbaum. Japan. -from Amazon.com
  52. 52.0 52.1 Michiyo, associate of Mr. Fukuoka writing, quote:
    it has never been out in the market, and in my understanding, the total number of the English edition published is less than one hundred. The copies were mainly brought overseas by Fukuoka-san and Honma-san as gifts...
    -Fukuoka_farming Yahoo! group 2003
  53. 53.0 53.1 福岡正信 Japanese Wikipedia page
  54. 54.0 54.1 Japanese page from BK1 bookstore listing most of Mr. Fukuoka's books
  55. 55.0 55.1 WebCat Plus (Japanese) page of 福岡正信 Fukuoka Masanobu's publications, with 40 listings. (Accessed 2010 Oct. 29) Japanese national extensive publications catalogue (latest technology web 2.0 catalogue). National Institute of Informatics, Japan.
  56. 56.0 56.1 "TIA: The One-Straw Revolution by the Reverent Eater" -online blog.
  57. 57.0 57.1 Muller, A. Charles, ed. Digital Dictionary of Buddhism (edition of 2010 Nov. 1st) page: Template:Nihongo3 an "Oriental natural philosophy" meaning: text by "C. Muller: "[Chan Without discriminating thought. Without special purpose or aim (Skt. *acetana). Natural, spontaneous. [cmuller]" Template:Zh] -login required, use username=guest password= (without a password)
  58. 58.0 58.1 Muller, A. Charles, ed. Digital Dictionary of Buddhism (edition of 2010 July 31st) page: Template:Nihongo3, an "Oriental natural philosophy" meaning: text by "C. Muller, S. Hodge; (reference(s): Nakamura): Without differentiation, devoid of conceptualizing (Skt. nirvikalpa,avikalpa, vinikalpa; Tib. rnam par rtog pa med pa, rnam par mi rtog pa, mi rtog pa). The function of a state of mind where there is freedom from making distinctions between objects, or between subject and objects, normally considered to be the superior mode of function of the enlightened mind in Mahāyāna Buddhism." -login required, use username=guest password= (without a password)
  59. 59.0 59.1 Muller, A. Charles, ed. Digital Dictionary of Buddhism (edition of 2010 Oct. 1st) page: Template:Nihongo3-automatically changed to:>Template:Nihongo2 (using an older traditional kanji rendering of 為), an "Oriental natural philosophy" meaning: text by "C. Muller; source(s): Nakamura,Soothill (Dictionary References: Bulgyo sajeon754b-36 Bukkyōgo daijiten (Nakamura)1313b Soothill380) Basic Meaning: unconditioned and spontaneous Senses: Causeless and spontaneous, a tr. of nivṛtti. 〔無量壽經 T 360.12.275c12〕 " -Template:Zh -login required, use username=guest password= (without a password)
  60. 60.0 60.1 Kenkyusha's, Tokyo, New Japanese-English Dictionary Fifth ed. 2003 -page 2517 quote:
    むいしぜん【無為自然】〔老荘思想の [translation: The thought of Laozi and Zhuangzi]〕 abandoning artifice and (just) being oneself.
  61. 61.0 61.1 1992 Template:Nihongo2 1996 "The Ultimatium [sic] of GOD NATURE The One-Straw Revolution A RECAPITULATION"
  62. 62.0 62.1 2001 Template:Nihongo2 Japanese only (a title translate: "The One Straw Revolution Recapitulation -Journeying [around Earth] with clay seed balls-") -under the heading "「矛盾の誕生'」" on page 83 second column,
  63. 63.0 63.1 1992 Template:Nihongo2 1996 "The Ultimatum of GOD NATURE The One-Straw Revolution A RECAPITULATION" - under the heading "The Birth and Expansion of Contradictions" from page 110, top half
  64. 64.0 64.1 By Malvika Tegta "Masanobu Fukuoka: The man who did nothing" Daily News and Analysis. Mumbai, India. DNA. Published: Sunday, Aug 22, 2010, 2:59 IST
  65. 65.0 65.1 Template:Nihongo3 and Template:Nihongo3 1975 Template:Nihongo2 1985 -revised ed. 1987 "The Natural Way Of Farming-The Theory and Practice of Green Philosophy" -eg. pages 140 & 277
  66. 66.0 66.1 hootenfarmer blog, Japan, -specific Japanese blog about {{ #if: | | {{ #if: Fukuoka Masanobu | Fukuoka Masanobu }} }}{{ #if: 福岡 正信{{ #if: | Fukuoka Masanobu }} | ( }}{{ #if: 福岡 正信 | 福岡 正信 }}{{ #if: | {{ #if: Fukuoka Masanobu | {{ #if: 福岡 正信 | }}Fukuoka Masanobu }} }}{{ #if: 福岡 正信 |? }}{{ #if: | {{ #if: {{ #if: Fukuoka Masanobu| }}福岡 正信 |, }} {{{4}}} }}{{ #if: 福岡 正信{{ #if: | Fukuoka Masanobu }} | ) }}{{ #if: | {{{5}}} }}{{#ifeq:||}}, Template:Nihongo3, Template:Nihongo3, and more related topics, including recently 'mui-kipedia' pages on his specific writings on {{ #if: | | {{ #if: mui | mui }} }}{{ #if: 無為{{ #if: | mui }} | ( }}{{ #if: 無為 | 無為 }}{{ #if: | {{ #if: mui | {{ #if: 無為 | }}mui }} }}{{ #if: 無為 |? }}{{ #if: | {{ #if: {{ #if: mui| }}無為 |, }} {{{4}}} }}{{ #if: 無為{{ #if: | mui }} | ) }}{{ #if: | {{{5}}} }}{{#ifeq:||}}.
  67. 67.0 67.1 Esu Coop Osaka exchange visit to Mr. Fukuoka's son's nature farm (blog page posted Dec. 2004) -includes great photos of the farm having interesting and helpful captions' text, eg. Mr. Fukuoka at 91; the Ama-Natsu-Mikan and their orchard; Daikon radishes growing in the Ama-Natsu-Mikan orchard; a current serious pest problem of white spotted longicorn beetle; Family, young people and employees working there and nearby; A ginko orchard part of the larger whole orchard, etc.
  68. 68.0 68.1 Template:Nihongo title TERRE issue No. 12 2007 -"environmental culture magazine", by Cosmo Oil (Japanese Oil Refining Company) -their own English description of their TERRE magazine, quote: "We actively present our message based on the concept of “thinking about the environment through people, seeing people through the environment.” This enables us to consider the environment and to take action together with even more people."
  69. 69.0 69.1 Elder Mr. Fukuoka meeting again with owner of Mahoroba Natural Foods store, with many details, as at 2008 Feb., including of Mr. Fukuoka's advanced age condition; the condition & running by his Son & his Wife of the Nature Farm, and so on.
  70. 70.0 70.1 Brian Ohkubo Covert's recent 2010 visit and work in Mr. Fukuoka's farm now his son's farm. -1st message -Fukuoka_farming Yahoo! group 2010
  71. 71.0 71.1 Brian Ohkubo Covert's recent 2010 visit and work in Mr. Fukuoka's farm now his son's farm. -2nd message, clarifying further -Fukuoka_farming Yahoo! group 2010

References

 #if: Religion (volume) | Religion (volume) | {{
   #if: shūkyō hen | shūkyō hen
 }}

}}{{

 #if: 宗教編{{
   #if: Religion (volume) | shūkyō hen
 }} |  (

}}{{

 #if: 宗教編 | 宗教編

}}{{

 #if: Religion (volume) | {{
   #if: shūkyō hen | {{
     #if: 宗教編 |  
   }}shūkyō hen
 }}

}}{{

 #if: 宗教編 |?

}}{{

 #if:   | {{
   #if: {{
     #if: shūkyō hen| Religion (volume)
   }}宗教編 |,
 }} {{{4}}} 

}}{{

 #if: 宗教編{{
   #if: Religion (volume) | shūkyō hen
 }} | )

}}{{

 #if:   |  {{{5}}} 

}}{{#ifeq:||}}).

    • 1964? "Mu 1-The God Revolution" translated by Alfred Birnbaum?. Japan. -see note 30 above for a link to a full translation of "mu" (any one English phrase, like 'no thing', doesn't do it justice).
  • 1958 Template:Nihongo3; Self-published in 1958 Oct., 191 pp., 21 cm; - *Template:Nihongo3-the buddhist reading of the character, see the Digital Dictionary of Buddhism.
    • (Title translation only:) A common-farmer evening-story・(to attach/deliver/hand down) nature farming. In Japanese only, not translated (yet).
  • 1972 Template:Nihongo3 - first edition self-published in 1972. Publication issued by Template:Nihongo3 in 1985 Oct. as Template:Nihongo3 ISBN 978-4393741139 and again in 2004 Sept. ISBN 978-4393741450; ({{
 #if: Doing-practise (volume) | Doing-practise (volume) | {{
   #if: jissen hen | jissen hen
 }}

}}{{

 #if: 実践編{{
   #if: Doing-practise (volume) | jissen hen
 }} |  (

}}{{

 #if: 実践編 | 実践編

}}{{

 #if: Doing-practise (volume) | {{
   #if: jissen hen | {{
     #if: 実践編 |  
   }}jissen hen
 }}

}}{{

 #if: 実践編 |?

}}{{

 #if:   | {{
   #if: {{
     #if: jissen hen| Doing-practise (volume)
   }}実践編 |,
 }} {{{4}}} 

}}{{

 #if: 実践編{{
   #if: Doing-practise (volume) | jissen hen
 }} | )

}}{{

 #if:   |  {{{5}}} 

}}{{#ifeq:||}}).

 #if: Tsune Kurosawa | Tsune Kurosawa | {{
   #if: Kurosawa Tsunemichi | Kurosawa Tsunemichi
 }}

}}{{

 #if: 黒澤常道{{
   #if: Tsune Kurosawa | Kurosawa Tsunemichi
 }} |  (

}}{{

 #if: 黒澤常道 | 黒澤常道

}}{{

 #if: Tsune Kurosawa | {{
   #if: Kurosawa Tsunemichi | {{
     #if: 黒澤常道 |  
   }}Kurosawa Tsunemichi
 }}

}}{{

 #if: 黒澤常道 |?

}}{{

 #if:   | {{
   #if: {{
     #if: Kurosawa Tsunemichi| Tsune Kurosawa
   }}黒澤常道 |,
 }} {{{4}}} 

}}{{

 #if: 黒澤常道{{
   #if: Tsune Kurosawa | Kurosawa Tsunemichi
 }} | )

}}{{

 #if:   |  {{{5}}} 

}}{{#ifeq:||}} & Larry Korn. English preface by Wendell Berry. Rodale Press, USA. ISBN 978-0878572205.

 #if: Tsune Kurosawa | Tsune Kurosawa | {{
   #if: Kurosawa Tsunemichi | Kurosawa Tsunemichi
 }}

}}{{

 #if: 黒澤常道{{
   #if: Tsune Kurosawa | Kurosawa Tsunemichi
 }} |  (

}}{{

 #if: 黒澤常道 | 黒澤常道

}}{{

 #if: Tsune Kurosawa | {{
   #if: Kurosawa Tsunemichi | {{
     #if: 黒澤常道 |  
   }}Kurosawa Tsunemichi
 }}

}}{{

 #if: 黒澤常道 |?

}}{{

 #if:   | {{
   #if: {{
     #if: Kurosawa Tsunemichi| Tsune Kurosawa
   }}黒澤常道 |,
 }} {{{4}}} 

}}{{

 #if: 黒澤常道{{
   #if: Tsune Kurosawa | Kurosawa Tsunemichi
 }} | )

}}{{

 #if:   |  {{{5}}} 

}}{{#ifeq:||}} & Larry Korn. English preface by Wendell Berry. 30 year anniversary new publishing. New introduction by Frances Moore Lappé. New York Review Books USA. ISBN 978-1590173138.

 #if: Philosophy (volume) | Philosophy (volume) | {{
   #if: tetsugaku hen | tetsugaku hen
 }}

}}{{

 #if: 哲学編{{
   #if: Philosophy (volume) | tetsugaku hen
 }} |  (

}}{{

 #if: 哲学編 | 哲学編

}}{{

 #if: Philosophy (volume) | {{
   #if: tetsugaku hen | {{
     #if: 哲学編 |  
   }}tetsugaku hen
 }}

}}{{

 #if: 哲学編 |?

}}{{

 #if:   | {{
   #if: {{
     #if: tetsugaku hen| Philosophy (volume)
   }}哲学編 |,
 }} {{{4}}} 

}}{{

 #if: 哲学編{{
   #if: Philosophy (volume) | tetsugaku hen
 }} | )

}}{{

 #if:   |  {{{5}}} 

}}{{#ifeq:||}}).

    • (Title translation only:) mu 2: mu philosophy; In Japanese only, not translated (yet). -see note 30 above for a link to a full translation of "mu" (any one English phrase, like 'no thing', doesn't do it justice).
  • 1992 Template:Nihongo3; Self-published by Template:Nihongo3 in 1992 Dec., 230 pp., 26×26cm ISBN 978-4938743017; ISBN 4938743019.
    • 1996 "The Ultimatium [sic] of GOD NATURE The One-Straw Revolution A RECAPITULATION" -Mr. Fukuoka himself commissioned English-retranslation and printing in an extremely limited edition, less than 100 copies, no ISBN, printed by the author hence the publisher name is, quote: "S h o u S h i n S h a (小心舎)".
  • 1997 Template:Nihongo3, includes an interview with Template:Nihongo3; Published by Template:Nihongo3 in 1997 Feb. ISBN 978-4393741153 and again in 2004 Aug. ISBN 978-4393741474.
    • (Title translation attempt only:) A "Spontaneous/Natural/Nature" Life. In Japanese only, not translated (yet).
  • 2001 Template:Nihongo3; Self-published by Template:Nihongo3 in 2001 May, hundreds of captioned photographs from his farm and travels all around Earth, reproduced drawings & diagrams, and a full book of text pages also, 271 pp., A4 30x21cm, ISBN 978-4938743024; ISBN 4938743027; Re-published in 2010 April by Template:Nihongo3 ISBN 978-4393741511.
    • (Title translation only:) The One Straw Revolution Recapitulation -Journeying [around Earth] with clay seed balls-. In Japanese only, not translated (yet).
  • 2009 Template:Nihongo3, Mr. Fukuoka's hand-written classical song-verses and drawings, in pen & ink, also with photographs (one card each for 47 syllables), arranged in the classical iroha-order of Japanese syllables; Includes a booklet with Mr. Fukuoka's introduction and list of life accomplishments, together with the song booklet; In Japanese, bilingually with English-translations - created with many translators/contributors; 53 pages, size: 15×10cm; His last creation and testament; Posthumously self-published on 2009 Feb. 2nd (by 自然樹園 (小心舎); 正信自然農法による地球緑化の会 (発売)) ISBN 978-4938743031; ISBN 4938743035.
  • Hui-Lian Xu (2001) "NATURE FARMING In Japan" Research Signpost, T. C. 37/661(2), Fort Post Office, Trivandrum - 695023, Kerala, India.
  • Hui-Lian Xu (2001) "Nature Farming: History, Principles and Perspectives" Journal of Crop Production, Volume 3, Issue 1, pages 1 - 10.

External links



Attribution: This page includes content from Masanobu Fukuoka, which is licensed under CC-BY-SA.
The original content was downloaded from the Wikipedia: 2010 Nov. 22.

Personal tools