Neolithic Buildings

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== Design Principles == == Design Principles ==
 +Ancient neolithic buildings share design principles with a recent [[Lapland house]] and modern [[earth-berm design]]:
 +* Minimal surface area is exposed to the elements
 +* Round building shapes provide the lowest surface to volume ratio.
 +* Earth is used as thermal mass - a substantial proportion of home is below ground.
 +* Heat loss minimized by using tunnels between separate dwellings.
 +* Local materials are utilised
-- compare with recent Lapland house and modern earth-berm design+== External links==
 +* [http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/uk_news/scotland/north_east/8181061.stm Skara Brae stone age village in Orkney]
 +* [[Wikipedia:Skara Brae]]
-Minimal surface area exposed to elements (round -- lowest surface to volume ratio).+<!---- Add URLs then remove comment notation from links below ---->
-Earth is used as thermal mass - a substantial proportion of home is below ground.+<!---- * [http:// {ancient sod roofed dwellings} ] ---->
-Heat loss minimized by using tunnels between separate dwellings.+<!---- * [http:// {modern earthberm dwellings} ] ---->
-Local materials.+
-== References ==+{{stub}}
-[http:// {ancient sod roofed dwellings} ]+ 
-[http:// {modern earthberm dwellings} ]+[[Category:Neolithic buildings
-[http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/uk_news/scotland/north_east/8181061.stm Skara Brae stone age village in Orkney]+

Revision as of 00:20, 5 August 2009

Introduction

Living in a severe cold climate the neolithic people of the present day Orkney islands developed buildings using a technology that is again being developed for a low carbon future.

Design Principles

Ancient neolithic buildings share design principles with a recent Lapland house and modern earth-berm design:

  • Minimal surface area is exposed to the elements
  • Round building shapes provide the lowest surface to volume ratio.
  • Earth is used as thermal mass - a substantial proportion of home is below ground.
  • Heat loss minimized by using tunnels between separate dwellings.
  • Local materials are utilised

External links



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[[Category:Neolithic buildings

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