Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Degradation

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Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Degradation in developing countries (REDD) is exclusively for developing countries. It will initially be focused on forests, with the possibility of expansion. There are complex existing rules and practices around LULUCF – some of which Australia is seeking to change – but there is no mechanism and no agreement as yet about how to deal with REDD.

For developed countries, Land Use, Land Use Change and Forestry (LULUCF) is an emission sector under the Kyoto Protocol similar to REDD. It covers cropland and grazing land management, land clearing and forest management in developed countries.

[edit] Background

  • Tropical deforestation is responsible for approximately one-fifth of global greenhouse gas emissions.
  • Forest degradation is responsible for significant additional emissions.
  • The countries where this is occurring are predominately non-Annex 1 countries.
  • The Clean Development Mechanism, which credits greenhouse abatement activities in non-Annex 1 countries, allows afforestation and reforestation, but not avoided deforestation and forest degradation, to generate credits for purchase by the Kyoto parties.
  • The Coalition of Rainforest Nations wants certified emissions offsets to be created from avoided deforestation and forest degradation and made available on the global carbon emissions markets.
  • The LULUCF or land sector has always been a contentious and difficult sector for the Kyoto Protocol.

Most parties agree that the current inconsistent and complex rules must change, and a suite of changes is up for consideration by the AWG-KP.

[edit] External links

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